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PSYC14H3 (189)
Sisi Tran (66)
Lecture 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC14H3
Professor
Sisi Tran
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 2- Evolutionary foundations of Cultural Psychology - Culture is not innate- learned Biological vs. Cultural Evolution Biological Evolution: Replications of Genes - Natural Selection: survival of the fittest - Sexual Selection: replicate your genes Biological Genes = Cultural Memes - both must: o Longevity: last long o Fecundity: popularity – if an idea is popular or if you are attractive/popular o Fidelity: accuracy (in culture it is not replication of ideas but epidemiology of ideas) Cultural Evolution: Replication of Ideas - Communicable Ideas Spread: can be transmitted to others (it should be socially acceptable to communicate, if afraid of social scrutiny you may not share) - Emotional Ideas Spread: elicits a common emotion in many (everyone feels emotion, its connection) feel some validation. - Minimally Counterintuitive Ideas Spread: something unique but not outrageous. (Fairly tales) Hunter- Gatherer Adapt - edness - Groups were usually small, nomadic - Daily life involved physical challenges, disease= high rate of mortality - Highly social, privacy limited (like families) - Conflicts dealt with thru group discussions **Generalizations describe context in which all of human evolution and history have occurred Homo erectus- larger brains but no relevance of art, religion or language Homo sapiens – capacity to develop language, for collective learning (allowed things to shifts) Homo sapiens today are the same people; more sophisticated – by developing language, civilizations (by domestication, Industrial evolution) Domestication of plants and animals is a monumental change - Resulted in a new way of living, FARMING (AGRICULTURE) – the industrial Revolution - PASTORALISM: herding sheep, goat’s cattle, horses etc. - CROP-GROWING: cultivating domesticated plants - FARMING COMMUNITIES: gathering around one area- no longer nomadic due to surplus of food- don’t need to move for food. Surplus of time allows time and energy to other arts, trading and creation of a community. Between 12000 and 1000 BCE farming appeared simultaneously across the world, at about the same rate) Article – Hunter Gatherer vs. farming communities “ Was farming a Good Idea” - Agriculture = staying in one place, lack of variety in foods, living within germs and garbage of daily living, longer work hours and stress, hold back women, infected crops meant no food or disease to spread (also because living among animals). Etc. - Standard of living – capacity of functioning in that environment o Farming: high standard, needs being met, classes o Hunter-gatherer: more equal - Quality of life o Individuals subjective view of happiness - Civilization comes at a cost - Modern day individuals o Higher suicide rates: due to consumer society  Basing subje
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