Cross Cultural Social Psychology
19 September, 2013
Development and Socialization
- we all start from the same place, we might be in different parts of the world,
but we all start in the same place. When we come out of the womb we don’t
know anything, but then as time progresses we develop culture.
- Ericson put forward different stages of psychosocial development
- In old age we have ego integrity, where we look back and see if we are
satisfied with out life
- A lot of the stages are based on pursuing your own goals, and if you don’t
accomplish these things it will result in bad things.
- Psychologist will argue that this is a very biased perspective
- When you are a toddler you are developing autonomy or guilt and shame.
Parents might think of restraint if any child is being restrictive, if the parent
is running around and saying no don’t do this and don’t do that it is bad
because they don’t allow to child to grow, this is the American perspective.
However in the Chinese culture, the child is always attached to the parent, we
might think that this is intrusive. But in the Chinese culture, they don’t
develop doubt and shame, because they are developed different, given
everything by their parents.
- What means if you are going through an identity crisis, you aren’t sure who
you are and what you want to be. If you don’t develop this you have role
- In other societies there is no confusion of things, because you know your
role, and if you try to be different it might seem that you are being
- In terms of Ericson’s stages of psychosocial development, ego crisis may not
be an issue in other cultures
- Piaget Stages of cognitive Developmet
- There is a tangibility in the concrete opertational, if you touch something this
is what is going to happen
- In formal operational, look at questions that in abstraction, thinking about
what will happen in the future, we can make hypothesis about psychology
but we cant make hypothesis about Anthropology or Management
- In some cultures they don’t even pass the concrete operational stafe
- Kohlberg;s Stages of Moral Development
- In stage three the conventional level, is focused what is approved by
significant others - Post conventional is looking at individual rights, if you saw a child suffering,
you might want to go help that child and you don’t have money, so you stole
these things, and violated these laws to help , this is the post conventional
- In Chinese culture if it is approved by society then it is conventional, if not
then it is not conventional
- In North America, there is laws that considers what is moral and moral, the
laws are essentially the same, we impose laws to determine what the
- While in the Chinese culture it is more based on a consensus
Parental Ethno theories
- Beliefs, values and practices of parents regarding the proper way to raise a
- In some cultures you see very affection and warmth
- Then in other cultures there is discipline
- In most of the world people will sleep in the same bed as the baby. But in
North America they are put into a crib.
- Sleeping Schedules are imposed at a early age
- There is a timetable for feeding. In some cultures they don’t interact with
their child besides when they are feeding them
- There is quiet time between feeding. Between feedings in North America,
they interacting with their children, this causes children to be more active
and much more alert.
- This study was done in North America and India
- And found that they would put the mom and dad in their own room and then
separate the boys and girls in their own rooms.
- There is this idea of sacred couple
- And there is this autonomy ideal, they want the child to develop on their own
- Gender Socialization, it is so strong in terms of boys will be men and girls will
- Other people came up with this arrangement. Mom and baby together, 8 year
old son and young daughter together, and old daughter and young son. This
is in the indian culture.
- They do this because of preventing incest
- They also do this because of the protection of the vulnerable
- They have to protect their female chasity
- Then finally they have respect for hierarchy, they don’t want to be insulted to
have to sleep w