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Lecture 06 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sisi Tran

Cross-cultural Psychology Lecture 06 (Morality and Emotion) - Edward T. Hall (from Beyond culture) Schweder and Colleagues (1997) - Ethic of autonomy - Emphasizes individual freedom and rights violations (this is something that we should be concerned with but not the only thing) - Ethic of Community - Emphasizes duties to conform to community roles and expectations - Ethic of Divinity - Emphasizes the sanctity of perceived “natural order” (ex. beastiality is breaching this natural order) Ethic of Autonomy Kohlberg’s Stages of moral development Pre-conventional Stages 1 and 2 Obtain personal rewards Avoid personal punishments Conventional Stages 3 and 4 Obey laws and contracts Follow family and group rules Post Conventional Stages 5 and 6 Affirm individual rights Promote basic freedoms Ethic of Community - chart in lecture notes! Ethic of Divinity Emotional Response to Moral Violations - according to Rozin and colleagues (1999), we don’t attend to moral violations in general, we attend to the specific kind of moral violation we have perceived - Violation of autonomy -> anger - Violation of community -> contempt (some sort of judgement) - Violation of Divinity -> Disgust (think of how you would react to most of the fear factor challenges) Colors of Emotion Germany Mexico Poland Russia US Anger Black Black Black Black Black Red Red Red Red Red Fear Black Black Black Black Black Jealousy Red red red red red - Several Cross-cultural differences - poles associated purple with anger, envy and jealousy - germans associated yellow with envy and jealousy - Americans associated red green and yellow with envy - Russians associated black purple yellow with envy James-Lange theory of emotion James lange theory of emotions - emotions are physiological responses to stimuli - Examples: - embarrassment- blood rushing to our faes - love - feeling of our stomach turning end over end - Fear - sensation of pounding hearts - Some research has found support for the correspondence between specific emotions and distinct physiological patterns - Ekman and Friezen (1971) found that the six emotions: happy, angry, sad, surprise fear and disgust to be universal (tested on people not found in western culture) Emotions: Universal or Culturally Variable - Haidt and Keltner (1999) - americans and indian’s showed high recognition for a few basic emotions (anger, disgust happiness, surprise and less for sadness) but gradually trailed o
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