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PSYC18H3 (334)
Lecture

Lecture 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher
Semester
Summer

Description
PSYC18 Psychology of Emotion Lecture 2: Plato (429-347 BCE): There are 3 parts to the soul: 1) Reason J cognition and reasoning, critical thinking, trapped in head 2) Passion J part of the body, in charge of things like motivation, urging us to do things - the source of complex emotions J located in the chest 3) Appetite- most immortal part of the soul J involved with sensual desires, hunger - located in the belly J sex + food Functions, location, religiousmoral treatment? - Sensible vs. intelligible distinction maintained Implications for Education: ,}oL;9o}[Ztheory of forms J genuine knowledge you are born with - Abstract ideas, information that is unchanged, eternal Goal of education: reawaken what is already known Is sensory information useful? -}ZZ}oL[} Z}LZLZ]}LZ - Episteme vs. Doxa (sensory information) - Doxa J is an approx of genuine info, can change across situations J not useful Aristotle (384-322 BCE) - 9o}[ZZLZL Z ]] - Proposed three psyches: 1) Nutritive and Reproduction 2) Sensitive J K} }Ko7L]Ko[ZZ}oJ can accomplish things Nutritive psyche can AND can do other things, allow sensation and emotion J pleasure and pain 3) Rational J abstract reasoning, thinking before you make a decision, engage in complex types of memory recall - Emotion in the sensitive - Reason and emotion in the rational - Thus, emotion is unchecked in animals! J psyche is not complex enough to engage in reasoning o Reasoning is able to control emotions - Reasoning valued over Emotion by Aristotle Implications for Education - ]Z}o[ZZ}LZ}9o}[ZZ}}}KZ9 - Knowledge can be attained thru sensory and emotional experiences - There are no innate universals! - Tabula rasa J ^ZK]L]ZoLlZo_ For Aristotle, what is the nature of emotional experience? - K}]}LZ}L[EZZL}Z - Emotions depend on evaluation of others, how you feel about them o Why does this mean that emotions come from us? Emotions depend on your own perspective, your values, and what you think about the world and yourself, the standards you set - Ex: Evaluating -> feeling www.notesolution.com
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