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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

PSYC18 Psychology of Emotion Lecture 5: Outline: 1) Does facial feedback shape actual emotion? 2) Is emotional expression a good barometer for actual emotion 3) How might physical and psychological factors impact decoding of emotional expressions? 4) How do emotional expressions unconsciously impact us? Just 9}L, ; - Does feedback from the face shape how we feel? J feel feedback when the facial muscles move - Floyd Allport (1924): Feedback from face helps differentiate negative emotions (anger vs. fear). - Sylvan Tomkins (1960s): Facial muscles differentiate all emotions. o Affect is primarily facial behavior J feedback from facial muscles creates the emotion The Face is the Place for Emotion! - A position maintained by Tomkins based on the following pieces of evidence: 1) Newborn babies, responsiveness to facial stimulation 2) Development of head movement, visual fixations, eye-hand coordination 3) Afferent-efferent channels J connect facial areas to brain, more nerves than other places 4) Facial muscles, resistance to habituation J very hard to stop instinctive facial expressions 5) Face is center of expression J ooZZZ[Z2}]L2}L - Ekman and Friesen (1960s): also emphasized the face as being central to emotion J let you communicate how you feel, not create emotion - [email protected]; emotional expression only Why is the face so important for expressions? - Because it has high sending capacity, facilitated by 2 things: - transmit huge amounts of information 1) Anatomical independence, 3parts: o Brow-forehead, eye-lids-bridge of nose, lower face 2) Low transmission time o See very quick changes in emotional expression o Micro-momentary expression in the face Does Expression Represent Actual Emotion? Schachter & Wheeler (1962) - Male subjects viewed slapstick film - Epinephrine (adrenaline J more likely to laugh), Chlorpromazine (slows them down J less likely to laugh) or Placebo condition - DVs: Laughter, Ratings of funniness (no significant difference) Implications: 1) Artificial induction of expression did not cause emotion 2) Artificial reduction in expression did not inhibit emotion - Did not enjoydislike the movie more - ;Z]ZZ}LoZ]ZKLJ J maybe different with female participants? Cupchik & Leventhal (1974)
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