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Lecture 6

Lecture 6

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Michelle Hilscher

PSYC18 Psychology of Emotion Lecture 6: How do emotions pertain to the body? 1) Emotions and Body Action - Emotions beings about reflexive body action (Laycock, 1855) - involuntary o Ex: fear J running away - Once induced by emotion, reflex action: a. mediates between organism & environment b. functions according to principle of self-preservation J helps survival c. is automatic J }ZL[ rely on consciousness (ex: you jump back when snake attacks) Harvey Carr (1873 - 1954) - Emotion calls for deliberate action: - ^K}]}Lo ]}LZlLZLZ}2L]ZK]ZLo}Z}L]LL}o and efficiLZZ]}L}Z]2ZoZ]Ko]L2Z]]}L_. o Something that tells us we can keep going in our automatic routine, we need to use our consciousness - Emotion signals failure of instinct or presence of novelty. J when our instinct }ZL[ work, emotions happen - How is Emotion Adaptive? - L2Z L]Z Z2Z};Z}KZ]L2ZLZ}^awaken a vigorous }]EZKL_. o Emotion signals body of organism to react J emotion tells you reflexive action is not enough to deal with the problem John B. Watson (1878 - 1958) - Pattern theory of emotion: - ^LK}]}L]ZZ]L-reaction involving changes of the bodily mechanism as a whole, but particularly of the visceral L2oLoZZKZ:_ - Interpreted: - Emotions are instinctive responses to environmental stimuli o Fear is the unconditioned response to the hawk, leads to automatic behavior - flight - Two-part bodily response o Things in the environment are tied to the body, o can increase heart rate, can cause changes in internal body, can cause changes in external movement o Innate, instinctual actions J tied to emotional responses when we engage with our environment - Watson adds: Emotions can be swayed by conditioning o can change thru therapy, can learn not to run away, override our instincts - Clearly: - Emotions can HELP: they aid in self-preservation. - Heuristics for adaptive behavior - Appraisal of good vs. bad - ^ZLZ]L2s are going according to plan, you are happy_ - Aid in maintenance of homeostasis - Bodily functions - But: - Emotions may also HINDER o e.g., Yerkes-Dodson Law -> o ^the over-eager golfer, teeing off, makes a poor shot_
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