Here are some notes from one of the students in PSYC18. They have kindly donated
their notes so feel free to take a look!
• Narrative accounts of life episodes structured events, events in life.
• Life episodes have action and meaning.
• Thought goes hand in hand with feelings.
• There is no cognition without feelings.
• Episode becomes meaningful when it’s placed in the context. Context can be
hidden or knowable.
• Psychology manifests (real) the latent (hidden) content.
• Mind cognition. Body feelings, emotions.
• Action thoughts/feelings, desire of feelings.
• Reaction things just going on.
• Emotional experiences are different from feelings.
• Emotions happen in episodes. Experiences can make times slow down or speed
• Acts of noticing:
o Lived world we need to collect episodes and then interpreting it.
o Plane of observation
• Inductive open to the unexpected. Collection of facts.
• Deduction predicting things, expecting them and anticipating things.
• We remember events because they are emotionally tagged.
• Action orientation how we approach the world.
• Goethe and his approach
o Vostellungsarten the ways of conceiving things, to bring many objects
into relationship that they did not have with each other, strictly speaking.
o Known for writing about modern people.
o Scholasticism learning a lot of facts but not understanding underlying
o We are so wrapped up in our view point that we don’t pay attention to
other view points.
o Zeitgeist intellectual view of the age.
www.notesolution.com o Physics (including bio.) a.k.a Naturlehre (doctrine of nature) included
what is animate and inanimate.
o Atomize looking at the parts and not the whole. E.g. you are wearing a
new dress and someone says “oh, the sleeves are too long thought”.
o Homologies are parallel.
o Genetic means development.
o Dynamic how different parts effect eachother.
o Language can hide things. It can mask or elucidate a phenomenon.
o Don’t make up a theory without real life examples.
o We are all here in this class but each one of us is in a different reality.
o Just because an event occurs, it doesn’t tell us what it means you cant
o Pluralistic multiple viewpoints.
o Irony it looks like something on the surface and something different in
a different situation. It is a constant reawakening.
o Dynamic all kinds of forces has holistic qualities.
o Don’t distort the phenomenon. People have a right to their feelings and
should experience their emotions fully. (even if its sadness).
o You do directed looking (you notice), then you are considerate, then you
reflect it and theorize it. Theorizing comes from observation.
o There are two fundamental views in science:
Mechanistic something outside has an effect on you.
• Something external has a local (proximal) effect.
• Bodily mechanisms: ball hits body and you move or if you
are hungry and someone is eating, you salivate.
o Goethe looks at the whole and investigate combine its parts.
o Goethe believed that all advanced structures of a plant or animal are
transformations from a single fundamental organ little baby grows into
Self organization things/systems that are unfolding. (e.g. you
Ideal Type perfection of something. E.g. happiness or sadness.
o Conscious experience is a whole thing. The while is dynamic and is
o By breaking mind into tiny pieces, you are losing the whole picture.
o Natural science more mechanistic.
o Human science search for yourself. Person in the word (part to the
• Essentializing define something by its properties.
• Behaviour is a function of person and environment. (B = F (P,E)) exactly what
Dilthey was saying.
www.notesolution.com • Lewin concerned with labelling isolated categories. He was the first one to
create events in psychology lab and recreate the essential features of that
• Expression letting emotions out. Sometimes you have to keep two emotions
separate. E.g. you focus on exam while you try to forget a fight with boy friend.
• Visceral activity decreases as emotional expression increases. E.g. if you show it
outside, you are calm inside.
• Understanding parts and situations, we can put back the whole together.
• We are in all of the three worlds ( Slide 5 lecture 3).
• We are thrown into different worlds, our lies and circumstances. We struggle in
• Life episodes are important things which have structure and emotional tag. Not
everything is a life episode.
• We are adapting to challenges of our world. E.g. moving to Canada.
• Facts are different from interpretation of facts (meanings of events).
• Consciousness things coming from outside or inside. Something we are aware
of and not others.
• You are one but you have multiple selves or different sides. If you aren’t happy
with one of you or self, it is just better to let it go sometimes.
• Actor-Observer effect we want to see ourselves as processes take
responsibility, change over time.
• Are we objects or processes?--> BOTH
• Static: that is how people treat you.
• Dynamic: that is how you treat yourself.
• You can be free and history if you are seeing yourself dynamically.
• Layers of Germans fell apart and then Hitler came as a “glue” to bind them.
• How do we handle problems when you are newly risen or fallen? we look
outside of ourselves.
• Explicit: (manifest) you know about.
• Implicit: (latent) hidden
• If we see ourselves as processes, we can be receptive to things.
• We should befriend ourselves, even historical layers. By doing this, we can come
over our “whole selves”.
• Life theme: Experience time slows down.
• Actions: surprise? E.g. dropping a bomb.
• Reactions: e.g. when someone says “I love you”- your reactions to that.
• What’s real? E.g. you taking car out of the garage and your car’s side mirror
• What’s true? E.g. bit more ambiguous. E.g. “your stupid, I love you”
www.notesolution.com • We share certain understandings, and yet we can be unique in how we interpret it.
• Objective knowledge: the facts. It is shaped by conventions and rules we have
• Subjective knowledge: e.g. you see a person as loving you (it’s inside you but you
put it out).
• Complementarily: one thing leads to another.
• Emotions and cognition go hand in hand.
• Objective knowledge: a fact. E.g. how do you measure aggressive behaviour in
children? --> How you define aggressive behaviour? It is a learnt convention
when you see a child banging. It’s out there in the world objectively but comes
from conventions in your head.
• In different context, adaptation is different.
• Acts of noticing: e.g. a conversation how she looks today, etc.
• Apperception: being very conscious to something. You notice and then you focus.
• Act psychology: faculties like imagination, memory, perception – ways in which
we engage the world with sensations, feelings, etc.
• Thinkers: are always detached and rational. E.g. pilot who saved people.
• Emotionally-oriented: e.g. people sitting in plane and waiting to die when it’s
about to crash.
• Acts of noticing e.g. a conversation about how she looks, etc.
• Apperception being very conscious to something you notice and then you
• Act psychology faculties like imagination, memory, perception ways in
which we engage the world with sensations, feelings etc.
• Thinkers are always detached/rational.
• Dasein German word for “being in