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Psychology (7,818)
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Gerald Cupchik

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Lecture 3 Life themes - 1. Adaptation: enlightenment; English guys – adapt to environment - 2. Experience: German guys – experiencing related things - Adaptation group: concerned with self-preservation - Experience group: concerned with searching for meaning - Reaction: instant, no prior thought, no planning, BUT wired into the brain (based on memories and past experiences) - Action: sequential, planning, structured, laid out - Real: situation you’re really in; action - True: open ended; e.g. what’s true for you - Worlds o Individual: private, experience o Collective: public, express - Inside one body, affected by the outside world, yet shaped by a personal existence. Are you showing how you feel inside? Adaptation and experience are both a two-way street challenged and shaped by the outside world, yet interpreted in a personal way. Expressive side: if you’re keeping it in and not sharing, then it is even hidden from yourself. Forms of knowledge - “When we’re doing psychology, we need to be objective” – what we’re taught. - Cupchik – objectivity is a myth. Predicated on certain kinds of measuring engaged in a certain group of people. They see it as real but it is not truth. When doing objective research, you are a member of a group of people who all agree to do things a certain way. E.g. measuring one kind of anxiety. The definition of anxiety is defined by a certain group of people. They are not wrong to think that way but they have never talked to anybody outside their group. You follow rules but you fail to realize whose rules you follow - Subjective – e.g. you’re angry inside and are imagining the anger is outside. Subjectivity is supposedly about the truth because you feel sad and you see it out in the world. - Thought oriented: lost in thought, always planning, analyzing, looking back, replaying and ruminating, difficulty noticing or experiencing feelings - Feeling/emotion oriented: lost in emotion or feeling, always looking for pleasure/excitement, always overwhelmed by emotions - Must be able to shift between the 2 - We cannot have thoughts without feelings, can’t have emotions without thoughts. Feelings as shadow of cognition – feelings = affective residue; something that stays after you think ADAPTATION (cause and effect; logic oriented) vs. SEARCH FOR MEANING (parts and wholes; feeling oriented) Adaptation is about action. Action takes us to a biological foundation. We see an influence of animal past and evolutionary influence. If you’re going to adapt, you need to have a strong stimulus emphasis. If you want to emphasize the stimulus you must appraise and evaluate. Feature qualifies
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