Class Notes (836,992)
Canada (510,027)
Psychology (7,785)
PSYC18H3 (334)

Lecture 4

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Michelle Hilscher

PSYC18 J 4 What is culture? - Idea gives rise to a certain recipe and we consume something we make that inspire new ideas Psychological processes can be: - Etics o Universal J e.g. 6 basic emotions: happiness, surprise, anger, disgust, sadness - Emics o There are different objects that produce different emotions in different cultures o Or there are same emotions that are brought by different antecedents o Same emotions can be expressed more strongly in one culture to another (intensity) o Differences in how cultures express emotion (expression) Western attitude towards emotions - There is an implicit benevolent attitude towards emotions - Reminiscent of: Epicureanism, john locke - Reminiscent of: german romanticism Non-western attitudes towards emotion - In western: thinking is more important than emotion Universality and facial expressions - 1. Ekman, Friesen &Tomkins o Took photos from each country and asked to label emotions o 6 basic emotions showed universality o Problem: these were industrialized nations that have contact with western media They probably become sensitive to western emotions - 2. Ekman, Sorenson & Friesen o Ask to match the same photos to different emotional-themed stories o Participants from New Guinea were very accurate to matching photos - 3. Photographed New Guinea expressions o Also very reliable results from Americans - Problem: photos were posed emotions o May be different from real emotion - 4. Ekman and Friesen o But expressions change in different social conventions Universality in emotion antecedents - bousher o Asked participants to describe scenarios that would produce one of the 6 basic emotions o Asked another group of Americans only to label emotions for each scenario o Same sort of antecedent conditions in some cases bring about the same emotions Psychological themes that elicit universal emotions 1. Accomplishing a goal J happy 2. Being prevented from accomplishing a goal (beyond control)J sad 3. Being kept from something you desire or want (goal is still possible)J anger 4. Being sickened or repulsed by something - disgust 5. Sensing danger caused by the unexpected - fear 6. Acknowledging something new or novel J surprise - Pure expression
More Less

Related notes for PSYC18H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.