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Canada (510,867)
Psychology (7,812)
PSYC18H3 (334)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12

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Michelle Hilscher

Psyc18 J 12 Emotions and mental health in childhood Emotional disorders in middle childhood - Externalizing disorders J anger, hostility, aggression, stealing, lying - Internalizing disorders J depress, anxiety - In adolescents, there are still externalizing and internalizing disorders, in addition to drug use and eating disorders - Gender matters a lot o Externalizing disorders more prevalent in boys 3 boys :1 girl diagnose with exernalizing disorders o Internalizing disorders more prevalent in girls o This is due to environmental and biologicalgenetic differences (nature vs. nurture) E.g. hormones o Society treats boys and girls differently Western society J boys encouraged to express anger while girls encouraged to express fearsadness The stress Jdiathesis hypothesis - You need to be biologically predisposed then come into contact with particular environmental factors to develop emotional disorder - E.g. siblings can both lose their parents but maybe only one develop emotional disorder Example of environmental risks in childhood 1. Parental conflict - Externalizing disorders J child more likely to develop mood disorders o For girls and boys - Frequent, severe, overt hostility (e.g. parents screaming at each other) is worst factor - Divorce not the culprit but the fighting that they had before the divorce that is the culprit - How may witnessing conflict cause aggression o Modeling J children learn that anger and verbalphysical aggression is how to deal with conflict o Increased arousal J the child is just upset o Biased appraisal J sensitivity to hostility; perceive neutral situation as hostile because so used to anger in family 2. Parental depression - L]ZZZ7]L ZZ Z]o[Zo]lo]Z}}}]L2ZZ o May be due to poor attachment to depressed parent o Learn social interaction from depressed parent to be depressed Will end up treating people the same way E.g. if mother is depressed, child learns that dad and siblings are trying not to ZZ7Z}ZoLZZ]Z}ZL[L}Z}o}L2]Z him, he has to be sad 3. Attachment failure - Could be originated from relationship with depressed parent - Ambivalent J children who are weary of strangers when parent leaves, this child will become upset, and then when the parent returns, the child will become difficult to comfort; may be upsetangry with parent - Avoidant J ZZ}L}L }L}ZL27}L[ ]oZl }L l }K} from parent; may even actively avoid parent
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