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Lecture 10

LECTURE 10.docx

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Gerald Cupchik

LECTURE 10 Three groups of emotions 1. Relational emotions: point to something outside the self (e.g. love, hate) a. Theory of ambivalence: virtually every relationship will have been accompanied by both pleasure and pain. b. Family plays a crucial role here. The kinds of emotions that become differentiated depends on the dynamics of the family c. Complementarity: there’s no happiness without concepts of sadness. You can only hate someone you love -> hate is a strong emotion that reflects the deepest strongest emotions d. Fear and anger go hand in hand you might be frightened of somebody but deep inside you have anger towards them that you can’t express (you burry them inside of you) e. Examples of emotions: i. Clinging dependency, affection, longing, fondness vs. temp. resentment, anger, or long term hostility ii. Clinging person: checking constantly to see if anyone responded to you to see if they know you exist. Person who wants a clinging person long for control iii. Affection can develop response to affection; Longing can develop in response to indifference 2. Reflective emotions: directed back towards self (e.g. pride, guilt) a. Superego plays an important role here b. We focus on ourselves in situations, we need emotions like guilt in order for society to work; it keeps you in control and that’s what the government wants c. Guilt pertains to personal and social self so that society can function, but some put guilt on themselves in excess d. 3. Anxiety: fear and anger without directionality a. Paradigm of the birth experience – flood consciousness at moment of birth with painful bodily sensations…catastrophic reaction to perceived danger b. So, anxiety is a danger signal. Fear is a later development than anxiety as fear is about something in particular while anxiety can be about something we are not sure of or do not know of Characteristic of defense ego behaviour Characteristic of coping ego behaviour - Rigid, compelled, channeled - Flexible, purposive, involving choice - Pushed from the past - Pulled toward future - Essentially distorts present situation - Oriented to reality requirements of the (failure to accept the world is present situation changing) - Involves larger component of secondary process thinking and partakes of conscious and preconscious elements - We need to adapt to the world around us and yet it can be threatening - So what’s the optimal balance between adaptation and threatening? - Freud’s point: coping defences can push emotions away but it will always be there in your unconscious - This slide is about balancing coping and defence and the things we have to do to cope with the world - Our goal is to deal about world in self conscio
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