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Lecture

PSYC18 - Lecture 2.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher
Semester
Summer

Description
PSYC18Lecture 2 Profs SpeechPurpleSlide 3Plato 429347 BCEThree parts to the soul o 1 Reason Not part of the bodyReasoning soul is not livingimmortalReasoning soulideal part of the soul o 2 Passionsource of emotionsPassion of a source of complex emotions o 3 Appetitesource of emotionsSeen as morally corruptPart of sensual desire basic emotions o Passion and appetite are linked through the bodyboth die they are not immortalFunctions location religiousmoral treatmentSensible vs intelligible distinction maintainedSlide 4Implications for Education How we learn Platos theory of formsGoal of education reawaken what is already known o Reminder that information is there Is sensory and emotional information useful o Dont engage in the world make no observations or emotional reflections because they change from time to time Episteme vs Doxa o Epistemeembedded in usDoes not change from time to time o Doxasensoryemotion informationSeen as a hindrance o The soul moves from body to body through reincarnationSlide 5Aristotle 384322 BCEPlatos student and staunch criticBelieved that it was okay to look outside and reflect inwardly Proposed three psyches o 1 NutritiveMost basicfundamental functionsPossessed by plants Growth and selfmaintenance reproduction o 2 SensitivePossessed by animals Basic and more complex functionsSensing pleasure and pain Automatic memory associations simple memory o 3 RationalIn humans Top of chainHas basic functions but more sophisticated in structure and functionsDeliberate abstract recollect effortlesslyEmotion in the sensitiveReason and emotion in the rationalThus emotion is unchecked by animals o A difference between animals and humansemotions are unchecked in animals no cognitionIn humans there is a balance with emotion and cognitionReasoning valued by Aristotle over Emotion o Believed both reasoning and emotion to be organic functions but reasoning compares as the more structurally complex Slide 6Implications for EducationAristotles response to Platos theory of formsKnowledge can be attained through sensory and emotional experiences o There is no prior knowledgeThere are no innate universalsTabula rasa the mind is a blank slateSlide 7 For Aristotle what is the nature of emotional experienceEmotions dont just happen to usEmotions depend on evaluation o Evaluation meaning judgements we come to based on selfdetermined standards Why does this mean that emotions come from usie evaluatingfeelingWe are the author of our emotions that we are feelingie might see a sneer instead of a smileSlide 8Aristotles RhetoricRhetoricdocument that asks questions on how to be persuasiveWant a pervasive persona o 1 Act like a good person o 2 Make your argument seem honest o 3 Evoke emotions from the audience to persuade themAristotles word to the wise It is not right to pervert the judge by moving him to anger or envy or pity one might as well warp a carpenters rule before using it o Evoke emotions that are right for persons perspectiveo They will remember you and the argument you make Slide 9Epicureanism and StoicismTransition occursThe Hellenistic Periodwhen and what was it like
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