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Lecture 11

PSYC18 - Lecture 11

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

Lecture 11 SLIDE 8  everything is relative to the knower  phenomenology  favors EXP and sees itself opposite to positivism  positivism  view that world exists in objective way and can be measured; it's real, it's out there  phenomenology  states that the world is relative to what's in your head, the system of belief you have  e.g. in a prejudice based society, you believe that you are superior and others are inferior; it's true for you and your people who believe it, it's relatively true in your head  (we take for granted how our beliefs bias our view, mistake our beliefs for truth)  when people think they are right  they think they're right and they have data to prove it  you can't have a conversation with them SLIDE 9  wants to know how our prior EXP shapes how we see the world  there is more than one way to see phenomenon  any event that happens has multiple viewpoints  seen in different ways  we're participating in the event  phenomenology  emphasizes the role we play in shaping how we understand our worlds  e.g. while walking through the forest, you're describing the EXP  1 , you have an EXP  in the middle of the EXP  …then you think about it  you can only really think about it later SLIDE 10  arousal  assessing whether situation is good or bad for you  might turn your back on it when it's too stressful  (phenomenologist say it’s fear)  things happen in our body when we have an emotion  1 way or another, we have the notion of fear in different nuances  phenomenologists are opposite to the action guys  (for the action guys, emotion is when it's under threshold) SLIDE 11  ontology is the science of fear  we are in relation to our worlds  we can tend our worlds in the sense that we  have a relationship with that world  give our worlds meaning  Husserl  we live in a world we give meaning to and sometimes the meaning can fall apart  we try to bring meaning into our world and sometimes it's challenging  intentionality  seeing your world as meaningful  find ourselves in places where it's difficult to parse it out  we assume there is structure in our world SLIDE 12  intuition is  the residue of cognition in this context  not formalized  introspected means “looking in”  "see as" is a spontaneous conception  empathy, feeling out  e.g. I feel your presence, it's intuitive  **AS tangible wholes (fix it)  phenomenologist  don't have the in b/t intentional thinking about it  it's just, “YOU KNOW IT”  the notion of FIELD  events happen in a field, there's a background going on SLIDE 13  to understand is to situate  e.g. You have to situate their emotions when a person phones you and they sound super jovial; what's going on? They made it to graduate school.  situations are linked together  analytic guys aren't looking at the people with emotions  isolated data  not looking at the big picture For Husserl, we experience phenomena as a whole because the act of experiencing is holistic.  e.g. HOW DO YOU KNOW LOVE?  WE NEED TO TAKE A STEP BACK AND LOOK AT THE WHOLE PERSON  phenomenological view  don't get trapped in little pieces  always see the whole  the brain is there in a social context and the social context has a particular idea  the brain and the culture works together  we don't mistake aesthetic EXPs with "the brain did it"  don't mistake the mechanism of the brain from the experience, don’t lose the whole  “sensing”  AKA sensory EXP comes in  understanding how it works together SLIDE 14  it's not sequential  e.g. the person you love, you see that person as a meaning being  they are with you in the moment  they are filled with meaning in your head  it's intuitive immediately, the heart of phenomenology  focus on nature of our EXP and our EXPs in the moment  the real and the ideal at the same time, mixing together SLIDE 15  behaviorism  action and response  e.g. you had
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