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PSYC18 - Lecture 06

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

PSYC18 – Lecture 6  midterm  know the major concepts  25 Q from  lecture  textbook  mainstream concepts SLIDE 3  concrete perceptually  EXPs that can have  words that a person said  facial expressions that they showed  sound of their voice  syncretic  features that are attached together  just the EXP as it happens in real time  bottom-up model  concrete shapes  abstract understanding  top-down  we use rules/heuristics to solve life problems  cognitive mobility  your being able to solve problems in many different ways  2 ways to talk about cognitive mobility  1. hierarchal  you have to understand all of the different layers  in relationship to cognitive mobility through layers  2. complementarities  in relationship to cognitive mobility through pairs • e.g. happiness and sadness • e.g. fear-anger • e.g. Interest-disgust natural-kinds view   emotions are real things  core-affect view emotions are not real things   reactions and actions  actions are paired with feelings of arousal/excitation  reactions go hand in hand with EXP emotions in daily life  (b/c you're reacting to a situation) SLIDE 4  we have had situations in which we've been overcome with emotions  e.g. the winner in a race is overcome with happiness and relief  when we have a full blown emotional reaction, we find it personally meaningful  e.g. we can both watch the same movie and have different reactions  Prof can have a big reaction and I could be like, “so what” • Prof can relate to it and see the world full of meaning that relates to him  natural kinds view- emotions are real  opposing view, core affect- emotions aren't real  self-terminating  e.g. it's game over once you find Waldo  exhaustive  you can never find out enough  personal episodic memories  specific events from my life  memories in real time  emotion is the waking up of memories  many ways to talk about natural kinds SLIDE 5  primary emotions combine into blends SLIDE 6  we as humans have emotions  emotions are tied in part to the circuitry in brain  emphasis on organic self  To what extent is emotion emphasized in the brain?  emotions don't have locations in the brain  certain emotions tied to certain expressions on the face SLIDE 7  note: this slide is about the core-affect view  opposite: natural-kinds view  (emotions are tied into the brain)  acting in a situation because we're trying to adapt to it  we all have to learn how to adapt  core-affect view  fulfilling certain goals/situations puts certain pressures on us to adapt we need to appraise (is it good/ bad for me?) it   once you have the strategy, you need to put it into action  actions are about appraisals and strategy combined together  match the strategy to the situation  dimensions of feelings  How do I feel about my strategy?  you think about feelings and outcomes  I'm appraising it and picking a strategy  monitor things by, "does it feel good or bad"?  strategic implementation of actions SLIDE 8  Schlosberg  claimed you can show what you feel on your face  Wundt  claimed you can feel pleasant or unpleasant inside  we feel dimensions of response inside as part of our organic self  we feel it inside and show it on our face internal states are things we can manipulate   e.g. I can be in certain kinds of situations that produce certain reactions  but I can make myself calm via meditation/etc.  internal states can distort how I see surrounding events when you manipulate states of arousal, it changes how we can see the world   you have people doing core-affect theory who don't like the talk of “real” emotions  they even state that only we scientists know what emotions are  believe that psychologists have a better view of life than the people living it  extremely arrogant belief  there's a debate if dimensions are really separate  e.g. frequency and amplitude SLIDE 9  natural kinds view  believes emotions are wired into our bodies in a complicated way  emphasizes the organic self  social constructionist view  emphasizes the social self  Ken  source of emotion is out there in the culture  social context in which you live determines  how you should feel who you are (and etc.)   doesn't really believe in the personal self  puts the emphasis on the social self  e.g. I am what you guys tell me I am e.g. I am what you guys permit me to be   e.g. I am externally defined  emotions that you feel are the ones that society tells you to feel  enables you to feel  our social selves can shape the emotions we feel  our culture shapes us  social background we come from shapes us  permitted/inhibited emotions  culture display of emotion  different  What emotions can you feel/can't feel? 
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