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Emotions ch 3.docx

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G Cupchik

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Emotions ch 2The construction of emotions in the Westplato thought emotions rise from the lover part of the mind and pervert reason distrust was brought by Darwin who implied that in human adults the expression of emotions are obsolete vestiges of our evolution from the beasts and of our development from infancy we also think emotion are the very guarantee of authenticity appreciation became marked in Europe and America during the historical era of romanticism emotions came to be valued in personal life in politics in literature and philosophy jean Jacques rousseau published the idea that religious sensibility is based on how you feel rather than on authority or on scripture or on arguments for the existence of God he proposed instead that education should be natural and that peoples natural emotions indicate what is right 1800 romanticism had become firmly part of western culture it inspired poets novelist dramatists painters and musicians through art and to move readers writing itself became a way of discovering inner emotional truths emotions are powerful forces often at odds with more deliberate rational thought embodied in science and codified in cultural conventionsThe elements of a cultural approach to emotion values concepts and ideas about the self as expressed in art forms rituals and social practices shape how members of a particular societies experience emotion and that these matters are not universal emotions are both irrational and also authentic aspects of the true self are products of a particular culture a cultural approach involves the assumption that emotions are constructed primarily by the processes of culture how emotions are valued to how they are elicited are shaped by culture specific beliefs and practices emotions derive from human meanings which are necessarily cultural they are radically different across different cultures emotions can be thought of as roles that people fulfill to play out culture specific identities and relationships mesquita contends that cultural approaches focus on the practice of emotion in contrast to the potential for emotion potential means asking whether people of different cultures would be capable of showing certain universal emotional responses in terms of experience expression and physiologypractice refers to what actually happens in peoples emotional lives some cultures value or at least permit public expressions of anger while other work hard to suppress people from different cultures appear to be similar in their emotion potential especially when this potential is described at a higher level of meaning concrete emotional realities in different cultures may widely vary
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