PSYC18 Psychology of Emotion
Lecture 7, March 08/2012
3) Super-adaptation oriented guys.
4) He’s asking how does psychophysiology fit with the cognitive part?
When something doesn’t fit, body changes to signal us that we need to do something about it.
5) Emotion was an e-motion, something that takes us out of motion.
Body responds to signal for need to implement strategies for coping with the change in motion.
- Helps shut out unnecessary distracters, i.e. Inhibit peripheral input
- Helps you focus into need of situation, i.e. facilitation of attention to critical points
People with PTSD have inability to shut down inputs from traumatic experience.
Pribram talks about attention for coping responses, and blocking out distracters. Emotions wakes
you up to stress, and you need to focus on input cognitive direction
6) Every moment of life has goals and concerns, and what they call emotion has a signal value about
something that is going on to interrupt goals and concerns.
7) Junctures choice points (where emotions emerge).
All of these emotions are redefined in terms of facilitation, inhibition, achievement of goals.
8) Brain is organized in modules – engineering analysis of emotions. Communication between modules
Coping responses are chains of activity, and modules are each step.
9) Phenomenology – science of experience.
10) At top of hierarchy – a big plan. All the modules below are governed by big plan – and everything is
a chain of modules.
11) Caused emotion – something did it to you.
Causatives – something that causes
Comkplex emotions – always imply the self; how you feel and think about yourself. Shame – always
implies yourself to society (shame to societies eyes).
12) Drive Habit (early phase of behaviouralism
Drive Habit Expectations Values (behavioural/cognitivism)
13) Agency is battle between Behaviouralism and Humanism.
14) More humanistic side of cognitive approach.
Emotions are tied to culture in this analysis – you can feel sad (person focused), but there are
distinctive emotions for different kinds of emotional expreicens that are contingent how the culture
sees the world (e.g. combo of mad and sad = specific emotion in Korea).
- Different cultures have different fundamentals means to life.
In situation, you have emotion – in your head, the emotion was produced by situation (i.e. it did it to
me – e.g. you made me angry).
15) You feel depressed – do you have role? No, world is doing it to me. Averill is saying we all have
active part in our emotions. 16) 4 parts of the emotion.
17) You don’t need all components to have emotion – every emotion has different components.
Things happen together in mind to produce emotions – things like anger, fear are words made up by
people – emotions are always a blend.
Important thing is to acknowledge our part in emotions.
19) We have the social self and the personal self.
Averill – you are what your social group says, and you re doing best to maintain morals, etc of your
21) Society has expecetations of us to be emotional in certain ways, so we are in role iof situation, we
perform emotion that society expects us to perform. We behave differentl