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Lecture 6

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David Haley

Lecture 6 23/10/12 Another perspective on social development - What are some of the challenges to understanding what processes contribute to our sense of self and social dev?  Complex array of emotional and cognitive abilities contribute to our identity and social dev st  1 person perspective  Experience of self is constant  Experience of group is constant APE GENIUS (NOVA SOCUMENTARY) ON FINAL!! - Africa – making spears like our ancestors - What is it that makes us human? How different is the gap between them and us? - Chimps supposed to be afraid of water but these chimps go for a dip  holding on until he overcomes his fears (wild chimps never seen playing like this) - Emotions thought to be humans are being found in apes - Study: placing a peanut in a tube and the chimp solved it by using the water as a tool to float out the peanut  They have to understand that they can use water as a tube - Chimps eating habits:  Particular taste for meat (bush baby)  Catching them by making and using spears take distinct steps in a premeditated hunt (sharpen, stab, sniff etc)  How does a chimp reach that stage? - Most of the spear hunting taking place during the rainy season - Routinely makes and uses deadly weapons to catch and eat food - What does this reveal?  Has spread throughout much of the group  scientific definition of culture (sharing ideas etc)  Young watch their parents and over the years acquire that behaviour  have to be able to copy - Apes live among ppl they copy humans over time - Sophisticated skill-set for copying  Have to be able to know enough of that goal to share that goal  Know enough about bodies and other bodies to line them up - Experiment:  Slot machine for apes built and loaded with a grape  To get it ape must load the disk so that it drops; move a handle  Ape learned the sequence of the events  Whether the other chimps will learn this technique...  At one point there was only one chimp that new the solution and then spread through the grp  Other chimps in another cage that saw this happening was able to learn this  learning by imitation key for culture which was thought to be uniquely human - 2 yr old chimp  mother touches forehead to check for fever and baby dies  Is the mother grieving or in denial?  mother carries the baby around for weeks - Tools for fishing for termites  Goodall - Other chimps had more sophisticated ways in fishing termites - Cooperation to catch meat which is key in human culture - Study:  Chimp knows food hidden under a stone  Researchers swap a heavier stone  If two chimps know about the food will they work together?  In repeated trials no chimps coordinated  But swap in a person over time they would cooperate and after learn to ask for help  May ask for help but would it offer assistance? - Chimps will actually help humans  trying to reach for an out of reach
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