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Lecture 7

Lecture 7.docx

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David Haley

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Lecture 7: Me, You, Us, Family, and Friends 30/10/12 Social development - Development proceeds by a series of contradictions and expansions  Relationships can facilitate development by cultivating about the world as well as a feeling of protection from it, which is a paradox - Relationships facilitate curiosity of the world and creates a feeling of safety and security  first paradox  Understanding others involves this paradox in which you can cycle between states of identifying with the other and differentiating from them – expand and open yourself up to something else and then differentiating and contrast to what you know - What makes the activity of understanding others flexible and rewarding vs. rigid and threatening?  Threat that we do not know what the other persons motive is The sense of self: development origins of self-concept - Babies as young as 18 weeks of age will look at their reflection in a mirror but do not realize that they are looking at themselves - Rouge test as assessment of self-recognition  Recognize own image by age 2 years Development origins of joint attention - Having a contingent interaction - Insight to what other people of thinking about - It’s a shared state of mind – precursor to sharing someone’s state of mind - What is it?  Initiating joint attention  Person A looks at Person B and then point to an object  Responding to joint attention  Person B looks at the object - What does it predict?  Language development  Imitation ability  More pro-social in their lives  the more that children initiate joint attention - How early?  Infants at 3 months discriminate between dyadic and joint attention interactions Developing knowledge about others: early understanding of intentions and norms - Age 1: understand that ppls actions are intentional and goal directed - 18 months: recognize simple social norms - End of second year: can describe scripts for social routines Later understanding of mental status: Theory of mind - Theory f mind: children’s understanding that ppl have mental states such as thoughts, beliefs, and desires that affect their behaviour - PFC and TPJ more specifically involved to generating these false belief paths - At 4/5 yrs of age  most established but a bit of evidence that it may come about earlier The social sense - Infants: 7 months - Cartoon: Smurf either sees the loca
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