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Psyc21-sept.24 lec.docx

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Carly Prusky

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Psyc21- Lecture: Sept.24, 2013  Attachment strong bond between infants and significant others  Rabbit proof fence (movie) o 3 kids separate from families o About their crazy journey back to their original families  I am sam (movie) o About a disabled dad and the strong bond he has with his daughter  Losing Isaiah (movie) o About adopted parents and child  Autumn’s eyes (movie) o Strong attachment between mom and child  Good-will Hunting (movie) o Young males bond  Martain Child o Disconnected child from world until adopted by widow strong attachment  Attachment in kids = very selective o Involves physical proximity o Comfort and security o Separation distress  Theories of attachment o Psychoanalytic theory  gratification o Learning theory  association with the reduction of hunger o Harlem’s research with monkey’s and mothers  Soft w.o food vs not soft with food)  Operant Conditioning (aka) Instrumental conditioning o Based on auditory, visual, tactile stimulis  Attachment isn’t automatic, develops over time  Cognitive developmental views o Before child develops attachment, child must be able to differentiate between moms and strangers AND know mom continues to exist even when they can’t see them o Object permanence  Piaget  Sensory motor age (0-2)  4.1 table (slide #11) – Phases in Early development of attachment o Mutual attachment = impt o Dyadic relationship (both infant and parent)  How does attachment develop? o Age 1 –discrimination between familiar and unfamiliar  Separation stress/distress (esp with mom)  Other attachment figures develop and coexist  Fathers  spend 4-5 times more of their time playing with their kids than caring for them o Exciting/ arousing games (esp with sons) –element of danger  Temperament o Irritable newborns more likely to develop insecure attachment o Links moderated by other factors  Support for parents availability ?  Professional intervention o 4.2 table –the strange situation  Secure attachment  distress when mom leaves but calmed right away when mom returns  Insecure attachment  avoid mom upon return  Insecure Ambivalent  extremely upset when the mom leaves, can’t be consoled, seeks contact with mom when she first walks in but then angrily pushes her away after o Parents consistent in their responses  secure  Other strategies  code kids behaviour using specific scales  California Attachment Procedure (CAP) o How kids use mom as a secure base (mom doesn’t leave, no strange situation) o
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