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Lecture

PSYC21 - Lecture 4

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC21H3
Professor
David Haley
Semester
Fall

Description
LECTURE 4 Theories of Attachmentpsychoanalytic theoryinfants become attached to their mother because they associate her with gratification of their instinctual drive to obtain pleasure through sucking and oral stimulation simply babies naturally gravitate towards the breast and food its pleasuring thus associating that with the parenttheories later on suggested that maybe the baby wants the parent not actually the food learning theorydrivereduction learning theorists suggested that the mother becomes an attachment object because she is associated with the reduction of the babys primary drive of hunger Harlows Researchbaby monkeys preferred to cling to the cloth motheresp in moments of stresseven though it dispensed no foodsimilar findings in human research thus oral gratification and drive reduction are inadequate explanations for attachment transitory love object substitute for parent when they are away with some sort of object John Bowlbystudent of a major psychoanalyst at the timeintimate attachments to other human beings are the hub around which a persons life revolves not only when he is an infant or a toddler or a school child but throughout his adolescence and his years of maturity as well and on into old age Observations Explainedprotesta good strategy to being parents back which will increase survival of infants who during evolutionary history would have otherwise been vulnerable to predation if left unattended despair if protest fails the next best strategy is to be quiet and stillto not draw attention to predators or flail and selfinjure detachmentallows children to form new emotional ties with other caregivers who are willing to provide the resources that infants need to survive More Theoriesethological theory Bowlbyinfluenced by Lorenzs demo of imprinting birds and other infrahuman animals develop a preference for the person or object to which they are first exposed during a brief critical period after birth focussed on signaling behaviour in human infant attachment crying smiling vocalizing sucking clinging
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