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PSYC35-Lecture 5

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Marc A Fournier

Lecture 5 Personality Dynamics : Interpersonal Perception - Traits that can be beneficial when meeting face to face - exam is next week! 5 lectures and 5 readings - basic questions: person perception- special class of object perception - person perception should be separate, different: this is a reciprocal process, perceiving eachother and inteactional process, and the other person know that you are evaluating eachother...person perception is likely related to self-perception, greater level of ego involment, some attributes that people have are things we have or don't have....people are more dynamic targets than objects, we are perceiving attibutes that are changing, interactions with different people are different, they will act differently with someone else than with you - interpersonal perception: people in process of rating and evaluating eachother -9 basic questions of David Kenny: - One person (X) rates another(Y) on some trait(Z): -does X rate all others in the same way? This is an assimilation process, the tendency to perceive all others in the same way...high or low in an attribute. - does Y get rated by all others in the same way? Consensus: A person gets rated in an agreeable manner, meaning that he gets rated by everyone in the same way. - Does X rate Y in an idiosyncratic way? Uniqueness: perception that X has of Y, is unique... - All three phenomenon can be known if a group of people have rated them all on some attribute. - Except this: Is X's rating of Y correct? Accuracy: this requires an external criteria, some goal standard...inaccurate or accurate... Research Methods: - the foundation of this research has a basic design - The round-robin design : every member of a group has some interaction with everyother person in the group. - The people brought in might not have been aqainted: zero aquaintance..never interacted with them - Or can use a method where people have previously known eachother - Every person will be rating eachother person - Every person in this design is a perceiver ( offering ratings), and also a target( recieving evaluations). Sometimes called the actor and partner. - these ratings cannot be known to the participants in the there is no social persuasive factor. - continued with design: the rows are the ratings of the perceiving and the target - Comparisons of data: comparisons as a whole, comparison of one person has perceived, and the comparison of how everyone has perceived the target. - Trying to make sense of everyone's as a group score.... - Assesing this more quantitatively: - social relations model: x's rating of Y on trait z= the function of four perameters - Zxy= Person X rates person Y on trait Z - constant: the average level at which perceivers rate targets on Z...not so substantial - Px: perceiver Effect: The extent to which X rates all targets as high or low on Z - Ty: Target Effect: the extent to which Y is rated by all perceivers as high or low on Z - Rxy Relationship Effect: The extent to which X's unique rating of Y is high or low on Z...the way that is not explained by how X perceives everyone else and not how Y gets perceived. ie. People who are special get rated differently in relation to others rate - Exy=Error: inconsistent or unstable aspects of the rating process..we want to minimize the error... - when we conduct this analysis, each person gets at least 2 scores: your affect as a perceiver ( how you score other people) and a score of being a target affect ( get high or low scores)...each person also gets a bunch of relationship scores...but they will all receiver 2 scores... - are these given as averages? perceiver affect as average score of you give everyone...and target affect is the average score people have given you. - negative or positive affect in relation to the whole group sample: correcting around the, negative in the sense that you perceiver less than the average pf everyone, or positively...or you rated less or more than everyone -Variations in Zxy decomposes into: The total variation of sample can be broken down in these - Variance in the target effect ( consensus) - Variance in the perceiver Effect, they way you typically see other people ( assimilation) - Variance i
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