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Lecture 11

PSYC36 - Lecture 11

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC36H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC36 – Lecture 11 H ISTORY • humanistic movement • so central to all psychotherapy you do that it's not specialized in anymore­ still using those  constructs  EXPERIENTIAL  THERAPIES • many • not much homework • really a lot of back and forth b/t client/therapist   G ENERAL  CONCEPTS Awareness • not about the unconscious/triggers/consequences person isn't aware of • about the person's own experience/interpretation Process • central construct to all psychotherapy • what's actually going on • what's the content of your experience • not about what actually happened • about what you're taking away Dialogue • there's a lot of dialogue FUNDAMENTAL  EXPERIENTIAL  PRINCIPLES  • basic fundamental principles o forms basis of person­centered/emotion­focused therapy • really about what you're taking away from any given EXP • people have free will o behaviorism • behavior/thoughts • result of what came b4 • reinforced by what comes after o psychoanalysis • behavior/thoughts result of unconscious, don't know why  o experiential • people have choice, have agency, can do what they want • is up to them, they can choose  • person as a plurality  o different sides to you o idea being that we're not the same in every situation • we bring weaknesses/strengths to situations o e.g. man has troubles in relationships and does great at work­ therapist would ask, "What  are you doing well at work and how can you bring translate those skills into a relationship" o make them feel consistent/whole • idea being that you should be truthful/honest/in the moment in the relationships you are in­ specific  to experiential therapy and very different from psychoanalysis which is about blank  slates/transference/counter­transference • no one is ever perfect/done o what stage are you at, how are things changing around you   PATHOLOGY   • symptom rational (why do symptoms come up) in o psychoanalysis • repressed sexual/aggressive urges that are unconscious o behavior • something causes something else and repeated the learning process • things are incongruent­ you have a certain self­concept  o fully integrated person the right­ use the in the moment EXP and are able to be flexible and  react to it in a positive way o somebody who avoids feelings/conflicts and uses concept to guide behavior • react to how you think you should rather than react to the situation o incongruence  • happens when something unexpected happens to you in an environment  o schema of self o e.g. person starts a new job and feels shy, but IDs as out­going; the incongruent person  will freak out (I'm going crazy) whereas the congruent person will reason it as "oh, it's a new  job, I'll be more outgoing" o goal to move them to the right side   PERSON ­CENTERED  THERAPY • 1st humanistic therapy that broke away from psychoanalysis/behaviorism • non­directive approach compared to behavior therapy  o completely up to the person to lead the way o therapist would never give advice/suggestions­ simply talking, supportive  • in order for change to occur, all three things are necessary o sufficient­ you don't need any more than those three    EMOTION ­FOCUSED  THERAPY • Are your emotions working with/against you?   EMOTION  G AME • adaptive • reason why we have them • sadness­ immediate consequence/function=withdrawal/elicit help • anger­ make reparations  • anxiety/fear­fight/flight o anxiety is different from fear o fight o blood pressure goes up • shame­ hide • guilt­ secondary emotional responses o uncomfortable  o angry at person for making you angry    4 C LASSES OF  EMOTIONAL  RESPONSES • maladaptive  o excess/too strong/frequent • primary maladaptive o e.g. too anxious, can't sit down/focus to work on paper • secondary o comes second o often it's anger • usually in response to feeling guilty/hurt/vulnerability o comes as a result of an initial response o always maladaptive b/c pushing away primary • instrumental  o use emotion in a manipulative way • primary adaptive o e.g. anxious about paper­ j
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