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PSYC36 Lecture 1.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Amanda U.

PSYC36 Lecture 1 Science plays a huge role in psychotherapy. Questions such as the approach, why it works, and the procedures are often asked. Definition of Psychotherapy • An intentional interpersonal relationship to aid in problems in living • A psychological treatment with goal of relieving emotional or cognitive symptoms, changing behavior, improving social and vocational functioning, and/or personal growth. • An intentional “one-sided” interpersonal relationship, where one person is enacting a professional skill set. • Goal is to achieve the intrapersonal goals of the identified patient/client. Who does Psychotherapy? • Psychiatrists • Clinical Psychologists • Social Workers • Counseling Psychologists • Marriage and Family Therapists • School Counselors • Psychiatric Nurses • PsyDs • Clergy Who needs Psychotherapy? • People with a mental disorder • People experiencing Trauma • People with Impairment/Distress • Everyone-in some way, everyone can benefit from psychotherapy What stigmas do people have regarding therapy? : That it doesn’t work and that the people who receive it are weak Why is psychotherapy important today? : It is used to help the underlying problems; medication can be expensive, important for self-awareness of problems What are common misconceptions? : That the patient lies down on a couch and the therapist asks questions, that it always has to do with childhood trauma, that the therapist constantly asks how that makes you feel. Early Procedures before Psychotherapy • Hypnotism was created in 1774 by Mesmer and most neurologists would practice it • Exorcisms, leeches and drilling the skull would often be used to treat mental health problems in the medieval age Psychoanalysis: First Wave • Started in 1886, and deal with dream interpretation, inkblots and using talking to cure someone • Was often used in hysteria-a physical disorder in which no biological cause was present. Seizures had been a common form. Hysteria was more prevalent in women than in men. Humanistic/Person-Centered • 1930-1940 • Carl Rogers-unconditioned positive regard and client centered therapy. Person tells you things, and you reflect on them. No need to know of their past. M
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