PSYC36 Lecture 1
Science plays a huge role in psychotherapy. Questions such as the approach, why it
works, and the procedures are often asked.
Definition of Psychotherapy
• An intentional interpersonal relationship to aid in problems in living
• A psychological treatment with goal of relieving emotional or cognitive
symptoms, changing behavior, improving social and vocational functioning,
and/or personal growth.
• An intentional “one-sided” interpersonal relationship, where one person is
enacting a professional skill set.
• Goal is to achieve the intrapersonal goals of the identified patient/client.
Who does Psychotherapy?
• Clinical Psychologists
• Social Workers
• Counseling Psychologists
• Marriage and Family Therapists
• School Counselors
• Psychiatric Nurses
Who needs Psychotherapy?
• People with a mental disorder
• People experiencing Trauma
• People with Impairment/Distress
• Everyone-in some way, everyone can benefit from psychotherapy
What stigmas do people have regarding therapy? : That it doesn’t work and that the
people who receive it are weak Why is psychotherapy important today? : It is used to help the underlying problems;
medication can be expensive, important for self-awareness of problems
What are common misconceptions? : That the patient lies down on a couch and the
therapist asks questions, that it always has to do with childhood trauma, that the
therapist constantly asks how that makes you feel.
Early Procedures before Psychotherapy
• Hypnotism was created in 1774 by Mesmer and most neurologists would
• Exorcisms, leeches and drilling the skull would often be used to treat mental
health problems in the medieval age
Psychoanalysis: First Wave
• Started in 1886, and deal with dream interpretation, inkblots and using
talking to cure someone
• Was often used in hysteria-a physical disorder in which no biological cause
was present. Seizures had been a common form. Hysteria was more
prevalent in women than in men.
• Carl Rogers-unconditioned positive regard and client centered therapy.
Person tells you things, and you reflect on them. No need to know of their