Class Notes (834,934)
Canada (508,830)
Psychology (7,776)
PSYC37H3 (113)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Anthony Ruocco

Psychology Assesssment - Lecture #6 ; Feb 12/13 Theories and Individual Tests of Intelligence and Achievement Intelligence  What is intelligence?  It is one of the most highly researched topics in psychology  Interestingly, psychologists are better at measuring intelligence than conceptualizing it!  Definitions of Intelligence  Operational definition  Defines a concept by the way it is measured  Real definition  Tells the true nature of what is being defined Alternative Definitions of Intelligence  Eastern conceptualizations emphasize benevolence, humility, freedom from conventional standards of judgment, and doing what is right  African views place heavy emphasis on social aspects such as maintaining harmonious and stable intergroup relations - intelligence in the end is the test that we use Recurring Themes 1. Capacity to learn from experience - used in current tests 2. Capacity to adapt to one's environment - how well can you change your behaviour so your interacting successfully with your environment - not used in tests so much Galton and Sensory Keenness  Theory that intelligence was underwritten by keen sensory abilities  Largely viewed as a psychometric “dead end”  Vestiges of this approach appear in modern chronometric analysis of intelligence Spearman and the g Factor  General factor (g) - general intelligence - some part of the brain that is just general intelligence - it will be associated with specific factors  Specific factors (1 ,2s 3 s , and so on) 1 Psychology Assesssment - Lecture #6 ; Feb 12/13 left side - test A & B right side - test C & D e = error tests may overlap to some degree in how much it is actually measuring the general factor (g) tests A & B are highly correlated - tests that share high loading on g tests C & D weakly correlated - two tests that are not really sharing the g factor Thurstone and the Primary Mental Abilities  Using factor analysis , concluded that intelligence comprised several broad group factors (primary mental abilities) – and not a single general factor  Verbal Comprehension  Word Fluency - tell me how many words you can think of that start with the letter "f" - example  Number  Space  Associative Memory  Perceptual Speed  Inductive Reasoning Thurstone and the Existence of g  discovered that his primary mental abilities correlated moderately with each other  ultimately, acknowledged the existence of g as a higher-order factor Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) Theory  Intelligence consists of pervasive, broad, and narrow abilities that are hierarchically organized 2 Psychology Assesssment - Lecture #6 ; Feb 12/13  Definitions of CHC Broad Ability Factors - different labels for memory  Fluid Intelligence/Reasoning (Gf)  Domain-Specific Knowledge (Gkn)  Visual-Spatial Abilities (Gv)  Auditory Processing (Ga)  Broad Retrieval (Gr)  Cognitive Processing Speed (Gs)  Decision/Reaction Time or Speed (Gt) Guilford and the Structure - of - Intellect Model -intelligence means: we have 3 different main components - operations - things our brain does - certain things it operates on (contents) and it can result in certain things (products)  Operations  cognition  memory  divergent production - creative way of thinking  convergent production - closing way of thinking  evaluation  Products  unit  class  rotation  system  transformation  Contents  visual  auditory  symbolic  semantic  behavioral Gardner's Seven Natural
More Less

Related notes for PSYC37H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.