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Lecture 3

PSYC37- Lecture 3.docx

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Anthony Ruocco

PSYC37 January 24 2012 History of Psychological TestingPsychological testing was thought to have begun in China one day and night spent writing an essay and a poem then three separate three days and three nightsThe brass instruments era of testing mistook simple sensory processes for intelligence at this point general rules were trying to be generated that applies to everyoneWilhelm Wundt is credited with finding the first psychological research laboratory and he is known as the father of experimental psychology University of Torontomuseum for brass instrumentsGalton was the first to talk about individual differences existing and that they were measurable hand dynamometer allows us to measure grip strength and still used todayCattell was involved in importing these types of tests to the US invented the term mental test Wissler found that there is very little correlation between mental test scores and academic performanceRating scales and their origins Christian Thomasius developed a theory of personality that rated people on a 12point scale based on sensuousness acquisitiveness social ambition and rational loveChanging conceptions of mental retardation in the 1800s Esquirol was one of the first to discriminate between mental retardation and mental illness Sequins work showed that education of individuals with mental retardation can improve their mental health Alfred Binet invented the first modern intelligence test in 1905 Binet thought of intelligence as being better measure as higher order mental processes the main purpose was for the classification of MR children in 1908 very
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