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Lecture 3

PSYC37- Lecture 3.docx

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Anthony Ruocco

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PSYC37- January 24, 2012 History of Psychological Testing  Psychological testing was thought to have begun in China; one day and night spent writing an essay and a poem; then three separate three days and three nights  The brass instruments era of testing- mistook simple sensory processes for intelligence; at this point, general rules were trying to be generated that applies to everyone ; Wilhelm Wundt is credited with finding the first psychological research laboratory and he is known as the father of experimental psychology; University of Toronto museum for brass instruments  Galton was the first to talk about individual differences existing and that they were measurable; hand dynamometer allows us to measure grip strength and still used today  Cattell was involved in importing these types of tests to the US; invented the term “mental test”; Wissler found that there is very little correlation between mental test scores and academic performance  Rating scales and their origins- Christian Thomasius developed a theory of personality that rated people on a 12-point scale based on sensuousness, acquisitiveness, social ambition, and rational love  Changing conceptions of mental retardation in the 1800s- Esquirol was one of the first to discriminate between mental retardation and mental illness; Sequin’s work showed that education of individuals with mental retardation can improve their mental health; Alfred Binet invented the first modern intelligence test in 1905; Binet thought of intelligence as being better measure as higher order mental processes; the main purpose was for the classification of MR children; in 1908, very simple items were dropped which helped eliminate some inefficiencies in the test; the idea of mental level was introduced; Basal level is the lowest level at which not more than one test was failed (ceiling at top and basal at bottom); in 1911, there was another revision-third revision; IQ= mental age/chronological age; the problem with this is that mental retardation of the same number of years can mean different things at different age levels; also extended to include adults; in 1916, there was another revision and this was known as the Stanford Binet- multiply IQ by 100 which is close to but not what we actually do today;  First Engl
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