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PSYC39H3 (177)


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David Nussbaum

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PSYC39: Psychology and Law Lecture 6: Economic Crime Monday, October 22, 2012 Types of Economic Crime  White-collar crime  Theft  Fraud  Prostitution  Human trafficking  Drug trade White-Collar Crime  Occupational crimes (e.g., tax evasion)  Corporate crimes (e.g., price fixing) White-Collar Offenders: Profile  Often male, white, highly educated, in upper management positions  Blickle, Schlegel, Fassbender, Klein (2006): more hedonistic, narcissistic tendencies, less self-control, more conscientious  Collins and Schmidt (1993): lower integrity, irresponsibility, lack of dependability, disregard of rules and social norms Theft  S. 322 of the Criminal Code  Theft over $5000 is an indictable offence (max. penalty of 10 years of imprisonment)  Theft under $5000 is a hybrid offence Fraud  S. 380 of the Criminal Code  Types of fraud: identity fraud, advance fee fraud, online auction fraud, investment fraud, counterfeit, corruption/bribery, etc.  Some theft may also be fraud (e.g., switching price tags in a store) Prostitution  The following activities are illegal under the Criminal Code: 1. Procuring or living on the avails of prostitution 2. Owning, operating, occupying a brothel 3. All forms of public communication for the purpose of prostitution 4. Knowingly transporting another to a brothel Prostitution: The Male “Client”  Xantidis & McCabe (2000): o Less likely to subscribe to a feminine sex-role orientation o Lower social-sexual effectiveness (motivation: desire of intimacy) o Higher sensation-seeking behaviours (motivation: desire for novelty and variety) Adolescent Prostitue: Profile  Often runaways  Sexually and physically abused  From homes with inter-parent violence, parental alcohol abuse, adolescent alcohol/drug use  Low self-esteem Human Trafficking  Recruitment, transportation, or harbouring of persons by means of threat, use of force, or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud or deceit for the purpose of exploitation  Estimates of trafficking into Canada: 800 (RCMP); 16,000 (NGOs)  Ss. 279.01 - 279.04 of the Criminal Code: o Prohibits human trafficking o Prohibits receiving a financial or other benefit for the purpose of trafficking o Prohibits destruction of victims’ travel/identity documents Effects on Human Trafficked Women  Zimmerman et al. (2008): trafficked women reported sexual and/or physical abuse, forced sexual experiences, restrictions on personal freedoms  Symptoms: headaches, feeling easily tired, dizzy spells, back pain, memory problems, stomach pain, pelvic pain, gynaecological infections Treatment/Support for Sex-Trade Workers  Pro
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