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Lecture 4

PSYC39 Lecture 4.docx

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David Nussbaum

PSYC39 Lecture 4 • many economic crimes that are severe • white-collar crime: people in businesses • theft (different from robbery: confrontation with victim) • fraud (attempt to steal something, usually in terms of monetary transactions) • prostitution • human trafficking: usually passes under the radar, becoming a bigger problem, happens all the time • drug trade: people taking drugs from street are in serious harm because those basement labs don't have quality control • white-collar crime: 2 major types: • occupational crime: tax evasion, embezzlement • corporate crimes: cannot put the corporate in jail because it is not a person, but can put corporate officials with criminal responsibility if found colluding with others (price fixing) • offenders often male, white, highly education, in upper management positions (female, white, highly education also rising) often white because they are often highly educated people who hold higher positions • • Blickle et al. : white offenders are more hedonistic (pleasure-seekers), narcissistic tendencies (over idealized image of themselves, think they are special people and entitled to be treated better), less self-control, more conscientious when it came to work (helped them climb the corporate ladder) • theft: 2 types of crimes • summary crimes (less serious) and inditable offenses (have a right to have a jury) [refer to previous lecture] • theft under $5000 (summary) & theft over $5000 (inditable) • theft under is a hybrid offence (if they keep doing it repeatedly) • fraud: • identity fraud • advance fee fraud: paid for service that you have no intent on providing • online auction fraud • investment fraud • counterfeit • corruption/bribery • sometimes theft may also be fraud • prostitution: illegal under the Criminal Code: • procuring (pimping) or living on the avails of prostitution owning, operating, occupying a brothel • • all forms of public communication for the purpose of prostitution • knowingly transporting another to a brothel • does not outlaw sex for money because it is private • prostitution: the male "client" • less likely to subscribe to a fe
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