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PSYC85H3 (74)
Lecture 2

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

Lecture 2 Three main problems in psychologyAs proposed by Berlyne 192819761MindBodyaWhat is the relationship between thembWhat is the nature of consciousnesscDo they affect each otheriThis is the materialismdualism debateiieg Dr Duncan MacDougall 1907sought to measure the mass lost by a human when the soul departed the body at death2EpistemologyaWhat is the nature and origin of knowledgebIs knowledge innate or acquiredcThis is the naturenurture problemdA priori or a posterioriieg Egyptian King 7th Century BCThe king wanted to test whether or not Egyptian was the oldest civilization on earth His idea was that if children were raised in isolation from infancy and were given no instruction in language of any kind then the language they spontaneously spoke would be of the original civilization of manhopefully Egyptian3Meaning ValuesBehavioraHow do we understand the nature of moralitybWhat is the source of morality A deity Social conventionEarly Development of PsychologyWell before psychology was a discipline ancient small scale societies grappled with psychological questionsHow were psychological phenomena dealt withThey were treated like natural phenomenaThus folk logic was used to explain and routine behaviors were used to control these otherwise incalculable events
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