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Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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Michelle Hilscher

Lecture 8 July 9 2014The Divide Basic and Applied PsychologyGerman tradition was basic psychologyBasic studying to see the rules that underlie basic human functioningclassical conditioningNew psychology in America was increasingly appliedApplied take knowledge about psychology and use it to solve everyday issuestaking conditioning ideas in the classroomApplied psychology gains public approvalEg education industrialism abnormal psychologyo1930s big educational reformHarvardWilliam James 18421910 Impact on the InstitutionFelt that psychologists may be able to help society via predictioncontrol of behaviorInspired by Wundt when in Germany Instructor of physiology at Harvard 1872 where he establishes a demo lab Demo lab not actually collecting data just to popularize the methods of psychologyThis consisted of a metronome a device for whirling a frog a horopter chart and one or two bits of apparatus James Metaphysical Society Impact on ScholarshipEarly 1870s meetings organized by JamesPurpose discuss philosophical problems of the dayEpistemological questions1The relationship between sciencereligion2The relationship between newold psychologyIntegral concept formalized by this groupPragmatismoIntelligence practice our ability to take action that makes money that depends on our ability to theorizeoIf you have a theory you can treat them as a roadmap for life The question is whether they are going to direct you in a true direction or lead you astray Trueyou can make it so the ideas are profitableDoes Pragmatism Promote Good ScholarshipThe scientific process of theory building serves two goals For basic researchers explaining the worldFor applied researchers controlling the world A conflict between what is and what works Does it promote good scholarshipThe more you know the more you can explainBasic researcherexplaining everythingApplied researchera theory that works and can predictcontrol something in the environment Might not actually deal with the entire realityJames Principles of Psychology1Human behaviour often habitualunconscious Routine repetitive habitualunconscious actions that we do all the timeaThis makes humans efficientbHabits arent locked incMake automatic and habitual as early as possible as many useful actions as you caniTeach kids early on so that they can learn habits2Human actions are often instinctdrivenaBut not alwaysbConscious mind helps in novel situationscConscious mind decides what prelearned habit fits best and is active during transitions when environment demands new actions 3The mind is selfconscious
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