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PSYD22 LEC 2.docx

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Karen Dion

Brim’s definition of socialization: is the process by which individuals acquire the knowledge, the skills, and the dispositions that enables them to take part or participate as more or less effective members of groups and the society they live in. Breakdown… It is a process from birth to death Acquiring knowledge means learning language, moral, values, reasoning etc Skills suggest the application and behaviours Clausen said there are different ways to look at socialization depending on the discipline you’re in… Sociology: there are 4 major themes and they look at social deviance and control (deviant= lack of internalized control somewhere), also the interactions between the self and others, impact of social structure (eg. Class), and the development of social roles Person you’re dealing with is working at a rational level, making choices and active decisions and this person already has skills and knowledge that they are picking from; its about making plans, choosing a rational choice and weighing consequences Anthropology: how they relate to larger cultural values (such as institutions and how they relate to certain child rearing practices) and also variations in cultural practices because there is no universal way; compare child rearing practices from different cultures and societies Emphasis on how specific child rearing practices has consequences on personalities Psychology: much more at the micro level, how the parents influence the child and how is this outcome related to specific socialization processes Less interested in where did society come from, but more about given that it is here, how do specific agents in society education and train the young Look at dyads: parent-child, teacher-child View of the child is much more irrational who suffers from outside influences or inside influences Ethics Some issues forces us to use correlational data even though it does not show cause-and-effect Confounding variable Extreme behaviours (eg.Abusive situations) Complexity of the process you are looking at Researchers will use both correlational and experimental Question: How do you socialize a child to be a ‘good person’? Themes: personal regulation and moral behaviour, empathy etc There is an optimal degree of socialization (not enough control or too much
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