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PSYD22 LEC 3.docx

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Karen Dion

Different areas have differ definition of identification Freud: identification means that the child models his ego after the ego of another person Learning/Classical: it means they are basically trying to reproduce or imitate bits of their behaviour Bobo doll experiment: kids acquire aggressive behaviour Mowrer: a learned drive Mussen: somewhat more complex concept; it was not just simple imitating behaviour but there is 3 criteria for indicating that identification had occurred as opposed to imitation a. Child will reproduce complex and integrating behavioural routines as opposed to individual actions b. Patterns o behaviour are stable and enduring rather than transitory c. Personal and intimate relationship with the model There are different models… Defensive identification: origins in psychoanalytic; in the phallic stage the child will be attracted to the opposite sex parent and will eventually model themselves as the same sex parent in order to find a similar mate; they develop castration anxiety and out of this fear the will identify with the aggresser to protect himself and to share the affection of the mother; reduces fear of being harmed and can share mother love Identification with aggressor or defensive identification Females not afraid of castration but instead fears the loss affection; tries to get rid of mother but is scared so she identifies with the mom; this is a milder version compared to the male one The motivational dynamic underscores defensive identification is basically a –ve motivation; fear of loss of affection or harm Developmental identification: Mower; basic motivating force is +ve; assumes that parent child interaction is rewarding and affectionate one. Because of this the child finds the interactions as rewarding and wants to keep them going; parents behaviour acquires a lot of reward value. When the parent is absent the child is frustrated and they reproduce bits of the parents behaviour and by doing this they can reduce some of the anxiety produced by being separated with the parent They are unaware of doing this and the motivation is love and trying to bring the parents closer Role playing identification: combination of the other two; identification is seen as role playing which is an opportunity to practice adult behaviour; Frequency interacting with models control over resources that are important to the child, punishment and reward How did they operationalize these? First you have to define the things you are trying to measure How to measure these… 1. How similar are the responses between the model and the child 2. Perceived similarity between model and individual: “how similar do you think you are to your parents? What do you think your parents will say?” How much overlap is there in the responses? This is limited to older respondent But there is a problem; sometimes respondents will say what they want their parents to say 3. Product of identification and assessing them based on those outcomes Bandura & Huston study Nursery ages kids; randomly assign them at 2 conditions What is the effect of nurturance of the model on the child’s tendency to imitate that models behaviour Create conditions of nurturance and not as nurturance Introduced to the model in each condition Nurturance condition: playroom where model is very interactive Non nurturance:
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