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PSYD22H3 (10)

PSYD22 LEC 5.docx

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Karen Dion

KHOLBERG Hierarchial, non regressive (cannot move back) and cannot skip a stage Must move from one to the next in order The one that has been critique is the post conventional level Assumption that you understand the laws of society and that there will be a series of moral principles that underlie conventions of society Assess the laws based on own moral rules It has implications for it when it comes to social change This level might be too narrow He argues that Commitment to these moral principles precedes societies laws (Necessary but not sufficient) Just because you think that way does not mean that you are in that specific stage We move into post because of formal operations from piaget but there needs to be specific life experiences to get there Not all adults are at the post level College moratorium: can help someone move to post level Moratorium = temp time out / in between stage (People have the freedom to experiment with things and explore alternatives and POV) But other life experiences can also stimulate the movement to post conventional level There are also individual level differences and experiences exposed to CRITIQUES Simpson 1. Post conventional reasoning is about thinking abstract It confused philosophy and psychology; was really a theory of moral philosophy Kholberg argues that actually it is both psychological and philosophical and wit was interwoven to understand this; morality is philosophical and you cannot divorce this in psych. He was aware of a number of philosophy rules when making this Simpson argues that his philopicial sources are mostly western based 2. Formal reasoning itself was affected by various kinds of cultural conditions and did not emerge in every culture, especially the kinds of schooling. So post reasoning will be influenced by culture 3. When each stage if more mature then the other, there is an evaluative aspect to that; some are inferior/superior to others. But this is not the case and can lead to evaluative bias For formal to develop, you need to have experiences influenced by a western tradition Moral judgments cant be ethnocentric; but this happens when kholbergs stages are based on western views K says there are universal principles (equality and justice etc) that needs to be followed… but what does he mean by justice? Anumber of cultural factors that will determine the just solution for a person Does justice refer to small group consensus 4. Ethonocentrci bias: differential judgement on peoples ability on different tasks 5. Universal principles: post conventional reasoning; equity, justice…what
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