Class Notes (838,936)
Canada (511,158)
PPGC67H3 (24)
Lecture 2

Week 2.docx

6 Pages
130 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Public Policy
Course
PPGC67H3
Professor
Scott Aquanno
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 2 Organizational overview 1. Parliament  bicameral legislature with an elected lower house and an appointed upper house  MPs do not reflect the population in terms of ethnic composition education, class or gender  parliament is organized on the basis of party discipline o have to follow party doctrines or party lines o required to vote in line with the hierarchy of power (the party you are a part of) o limited to shaping policy o Bureaucracy supports policies o Conservatives received the majority of the seats in parliament o once they receive the majority they are able to do anything they want  Responsible government- principle of parliamentary accountability; basic principle of the Canadian Westminster system  Supremacy of Parliament (1982)- rules and laws passed by parliament with largely beyond the review of any other organ of government (charter greatly enhanced the courts' power of judicial review). o Key aspect of Westminster system o Parliaments laws, or rules were final o Federalist responsibilities o division of powers between province and federal governments o only problem is if either side over stepped there jurisdiction o a process of judicial review based on the over stepping of boundaries o after 1982 the increase of judicial review occurred through the charter of rights  Charter of Rights o Protects your rights o Cannot be changed exists on top of parliament o All laws in Canada have to abide by the charter o In theory you cannot pass a law that restricts one of these rights o Allows vague principles that guide parliament o leeway on interpreting these policies o Parliament is held more directly account to a more elected then appointed judiciary o protects minority interests .  Parliament and public administration o parliament has a role in legitimizing the function and operation of the bureaucracy and is technically involved in the financing and making of policy as well as the establishment/transformation of new Main role of parliament has become to examine and scrutinize the public sector o committees o independent watchdog agencies- assist with the task of holding ministers and public servants accountable o examining the estimates o office of the auditor general of Canada Executive o Center of the cabinet-parliamentary or Westminster system. The cabinet system generally functions the same at the federal and provincial level o includes the cabinet, cabinet o Prime Minister o exercise control and authority over cabinet through a host of special power. o makes the cabinet o makes policy o party leader o power appointer o institutional and organizational authority o chief diplomat o limited restraints= media, opposition parties, constitution party, public opinion, fiscal constraints, provinces international o Cabinet o 2 important conventions  1. Individual ministerial responsibility-  Responsible or accountable to the house for the proper conduct of their department  2. Collective ministerial responsibility  responsibility to GG (loss of confidence)  collective solidarity and secrecy  responsibility to the house (loss of confidence). o Historical evolution of cabinet system o traditional (WWI) prior to the administrative state and executive federalism. Cabinet mediated federal-provincial relations and dispensed patronage. o departmental- ministers given a significant degree of decision making autonomy; restricted collegiality; limited centralization o institutionalization; shared knowledge and collegial decision making; organized through government-wide priorities- response to lack of cabinet-level coordination. # decisions made in isolation become problematic; further need to control the bureaucracy in light of the expansion of the welfare state o Prime Minister Centred - further concentration of power at the centre; stealth politics; bifurcation of decision making between priority and non-priority programs (response to lack of policy coherence). Deeping concentration of power to the Prime Minister's office. Central agencies o PMO- Partisan and administrative support to the PM o PCO- provides logistical support to the cabinet and coordinates overall government policy; non- partisan advice -clerk of the privy council- highest ranking public servant central advisor to the PM o Department of Finance- financial information, policy o Treasury Board Secretariat- government department responsible for controlling and monitoring the expenditure of funds and developing departmental budgets (estimates). Bureaucracy- Administers, design and evaluate policy o Plays a central role in the policy process o Public sector bureaucracies are organized hierarchically with the minister and deputy minister sitting on the top of the pyramid. The highest non-appointed member of a ministry is the ADM. o Departments regularly meet with and take direction from the Treasury Board Secretariat and the Privy Council Office o Crown Corporations are important components of the bureaucratic machinery in Canada but are organized more along private sector principles with a president and or CEO. They are not subject to daily political or financial directions o Increased involvement within ministries. o Constitution: the system of accountability in Canada is determined in large parts by the constitution, both its written and unwritten parts. There are two major constitutional stipulations regarding public administration o 1. The Canadian constitution ensures bureaucratic accountability through collective o 2. Constitutional conventions promote a neutral professional, permanent public service operated on the principle of merit. Helps maintain accountability o under this framework, public servants provide independent, top level advice and support but remain publically anonymous Weber- ideal type of rational-legal public administration o Bureaucracies are the most efficient and effective form of organization- dramatic improvement on 19th century patronage o The model of bureaucratic or
More Less

Related notes for PPGC67H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit