Class Notes (835,600)
Canada (509,275)
PPGC67H3 (24)
Lecture 5

Week 5.docx

5 Pages
118 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Public Policy
Course
PPGC67H3
Professor
Scott Aquanno
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 5- 05/02/13  Review o What is federalism?  A system of governmental organization that the bureaucracy is subordinate in two levels.  Divides sovereignty between a local body and a national body. (2 jurisdictions provincial and federal) Creates autonomy b  About interdependence  Allows people to participate at the local level and provincial level. Allows them to form a provincial identity. Provides nationalism  Federal institutions are governed by a constitution.  Federal government has more money, power and resources then provincial levels. o Responsibilities for most major policy sectors, from health, education and welfare to transportation, economic development and the environment, are shared among two and often three orders of government o An important development is the creation of specialized intergovernmental agencies at both levels of government (MIA- ministry of intergovernmental affairs) - shape the broad strategic directions of each government in the federal-provincial arena and monitor and advise the intergovernmental operations of line ministries. o Federalism as a process- the relative balance between centralization and decentralization vary over time  cooperative federalism- this period of relative intergovernmental harmony was made possible by the fact that the building of the welfare state was accepted by all governments.  Collaborative Federalism- Intergovernmental relations are viewed as a partnership among equals (unlike cooperative) and focuses on the search for collective solutions to the challenges posed by interdependent overlapping responsibilities. o What is federalism?  A system of governmental organization that the bureaucracy is subordinate in two levels.  Divides sovereignty between a local body and a national body. (2 jurisdictions provincial and federal) Creates autonomy b  About interdependence  Allows people to participate at the local level and provincial level. Allows them to form a provincial identity. Provides nationalism  Federal institutions are governed by a constitution.  Federal government has more money, power and resources then provincial levels  Federalism makes it hard to understand accountability o Cairns  federalism is a function not of societies but of the government that work the constitutions  the federal system created political and bureaucratic elites at two levels of government and endowed them with an impressive array of resources and power  = these institutions possessed tenacious instincts for their own preservation and growth  = minimum desire is for a steady level of activity= federalism  Critique of Cairns  his analysis doesn't pay attention to political economy of Canadian federalism.  Money is important here  Explains it through the collapse of revenue expenditure  Provinces are more responsible for the expenditure of those programs  example Canada Health and Social transfer= evolution of cost-sharing in the areas of provincial responsibility= amalgamated two major federal transfer payments.  Cairns weakness is the economic aspect that is missing from his argument. o Legalization of politics  refers to how the supreme court of Canada becomes a more political actor following the entrenchment of the constitution . Who determines how bills conform with one another? SCC. The SCC sits on top of parliament.  Helps prevent the tyranny of the majority  Federalism o Does federalism contribute to the effective development, administration and delivery of public policy?  Yes  Allows policy to be tailored to local needs, by encouraging experiment and innovation, by encouraging competition among governments to supply preferred options, and by assigning responsibilities to the level of government most appropriate. o Provinces can promote policies that help citizens.  No  Frustrates effective policy making by requiring extensive cooperation among governments before policy can be effectively developed and implemented, putting the political and bureaucratic interests of rival governments at the heart of the policy process and freezing out relevant interest groups. o cooperation bleeds conflict. o Does federalism enhance or undermine democracy in Canada?  Pro  Facilitates democracy by ensuring that regional minorities, acting through their provincial governments are able to enact policies and programs that meet their local needs and because it provides multiple avenues for political participation  Con  Managing interdependence in the federal system requires closed-door bargaining between governmental elites (Executive Federalism)  Difficult to understand who is responsible for what, especially with regards to intergovernmental transfers  Carty et Al o Political parties: exist to solve the organizational problems linking society to state in electoral democracies o Parties are passive transmission belts that link state and society = societies will effect parties which will in turn effect the organization of the state o Funnel social concerns at local level to policies at the national level. o Take citizens concerns into national level. o Political pa
More Less

Related notes for PPGC67H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit