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PPGC67H3 (24)

Week 10.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Public Policy
Scott Aquanno

Week 10  Review o 1. What is the nature of social policy under neoliberal globalization? o Debate: Neoliberalism has seen a strong shift away from social entitlements VS. the welfare regime associated with Keynesianism has been remarkably resilient. o has there been a shift from social entitlements o Welfare State Retrenchment?  Continuity  1. forces of change: welfare states face permanent austerity from Global economic changes (interest rates, economic growth, financial discipline, corporate mobility); population aging  2. Forces of Continuity: Electoral support for social programs and institutional stickiness  = severe strain and deep political support o Change:  politics of continuity is too simplistic; doesn't recognize the very important changes that have occurred under Neoliberalism  1. changes in the delivery of services  2. changes in overall configuration of welfare spending  3. Changes in welfare needs due to rising inequality o Neoliberal Social Policy  1. Classical-  Individual freedom defined as the ability to purse one's self-interest free from the interference of the state. At most, social policy is limited to assisting the 'deserving' poor and to reinforce the work ethic  2. Social-  State is responsible for creating the conditions for all to develop to their full potential, even if this involved measures to counteract the impact of market forces.  3. Neoliberal-  Revives the classical liberalism's celebration of market individualism and minimal government. Emphasizes privatization, contracting out and public-private partnerships as well as the creation of a disciplinary apparatus to contain the marginalized and dispossessed.  4. Inclusive-  argues that the state needs to take responsibility for training and other forms of assistance designed to develop individual capacities  Canada’s social policy regime is liberal = markets and families retain a key role and state intervention is modest  During the golden age social liberalism gained ascendance  Canada’s liberal variant of the Keynesian social policy regime included a commitment to maintaining full employment.  Canada’s postwar social architecture was based around  1) Universal programs  2) Income insurance (CAP, OAS)  3) Social assistance.  Social liberalism has not completely disappeared but it increasingly yielded place to neoliberal and inclusive liberalism  The inclusive liberal turn has reflected an emphasis on ‘the child’ (National Child Benefit1998)  = The social liberalism in Canada’s postwar social program design has made welfare redesign along neo-liberal lines more difficult. o Change and continuity  Mahone goes down the middle because there is both change and continuity  Jessop argues that in observing the two forces of change, the policy is focused on change rather than continuity. Social policy and spending is a funding of economic policy and fundamentals. Social policy has to fit on top of economic policy. If they do not match, the social policy system will crumb
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