o 1. What is the nature of social policy under neoliberal globalization?
o Debate: Neoliberalism has seen a strong shift away from social entitlements VS. the
welfare regime associated with Keynesianism has been remarkably resilient.
o has there been a shift from social entitlements
o Welfare State Retrenchment?
1. forces of change: welfare states face permanent austerity from
Global economic changes (interest rates, economic growth, financial
discipline, corporate mobility); population aging
2. Forces of Continuity: Electoral support for social programs and
= severe strain and deep political support
politics of continuity is too simplistic; doesn't recognize the very important
changes that have occurred under Neoliberalism
1. changes in the delivery of services
2. changes in overall configuration of welfare spending
3. Changes in welfare needs due to rising inequality
o Neoliberal Social Policy
Individual freedom defined as the ability to purse one's self-interest
free from the interference of the state. At most, social policy is limited
to assisting the 'deserving' poor and to reinforce the work ethic
State is responsible for creating the conditions for all to develop to
their full potential, even if this involved measures to counteract the
impact of market forces.
Revives the classical liberalism's celebration of market individualism
and minimal government. Emphasizes privatization, contracting out and
public-private partnerships as well as the creation of a disciplinary
apparatus to contain the marginalized and dispossessed.
argues that the state needs to take responsibility for training and other
forms of assistance designed to develop individual capacities
Canada’s social policy regime is liberal = markets and families retain a key role
and state intervention is modest
During the golden age social liberalism gained ascendance Canada’s liberal variant of the Keynesian social policy regime included a
commitment to maintaining full employment.
Canada’s postwar social architecture was based around
1) Universal programs
2) Income insurance (CAP, OAS)
3) Social assistance.
Social liberalism has not completely disappeared but it increasingly yielded
place to neoliberal and inclusive liberalism
The inclusive liberal turn has reflected an emphasis on ‘the child’ (National Child
= The social liberalism in Canada’s postwar social program design has made
welfare redesign along neo-liberal lines more difficult.
o Change and continuity
Mahone goes down the middle because there is both change and continuity
Jessop argues that in observing the two forces of change, the policy is focused
on change rather than continuity. Social policy and spending is a funding of
economic policy and fundamentals. Social policy has to fit on top of economic
policy. If they do not match, the social policy system will crumb