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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 jan 30.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Public Policy
Josh Gordon

th Lecture 4 jan 30 2014 1) The Canadian electorate: voting by education level Without high school far less likely to vote Completed university far more likely to vote Education biases election so how might this affect policy?catering to ppl who have completed university degree eg same sex marriage support will be higher among ppl that have completed univ. degree;policies in economic terms a bit more elite favored Liberal types of attitude come out of these ppl- social issues will be a bit skewed 2) Voting by age Voter turnout in last federal election 18-24; extremely low; boomer generation very high(55-64) As you get older-more voting Robert patnum blames tv and now maybe internet for this bcz for younger generation most leisure time is taken by self oriented where you dnt interact wid ppl much Whats a problem wid social media’s engagement In politics? You feel like you have done something if you have liked something on fb Opinion of older ppl will matter a lot more then young voters eg issues on pension more likely to be solved So this affects policy that who the electorate is and who it caters too Also, the older ppl (55 and onwards) are in their peak yrs and making a lot of money and are over rep in the electorate Millenial Party preferences Ndp- orange blue- con red- liberal green-green party light blue- bloc Main thing is you ppl dnt vote as much i.e our age aren’t voting and that’s affecting Voting turnout by migrant status Multiculturalism has been successful in terms of integrating them in the election process; big diff is recent immigrants who dnt vote as much; not a lot of diff bw canaidan born and est immig. - Canadian electorate - Electorate is skewed; not talking abt the media but more older, educated, successful and established - Is this a big concern?in a way when you vote, you aren’t suppose to vote as an ind in a sub interest but as a Canadian and whats best as a whole but if you dnt have that kind of mentatlity for politics then it’s a problem - As you get a lower and lower voter turnout which we are now getting with millennial age, you get more and more skwewed of electorate by these 4 factors esp income - In America, ppl wid low incomes dnt vote a lot so its very skewed - Reinfoccing policy- all of a uddent ppl dnt vote and that doesn’t reflect their interests and they are less likely to vote 2) Political parties and their membership Political party membership more skewed then electorate If we followed a strict verison of the pic on board then skwed membership wont matter if there is median voter In a lot of areas there is salience and complexity; low salinence issues political parties able to do Ppl in those parties matter bcz they can get away wid low profile issues Eg US –polling- ddo you thing we should have background check on ppl that have guns? Policy hasn’t changed- substantital number of republicans would support the limits If you dnt have a lot of participation then you can get polarization- oly those who care so much will vote and set party platform Ppl on the right-most resistant In Canada we have the plurality system- 2 party system; we want to attract median voter so we get small number of parties These parties will disappear and never win elections so we get two parties in the plurality system Brokerage tradition-willing to hand out goodies to median voter to win election; idea that conservatives(PCs) and liberal party try to to broker ; rtraditions aren’t necessary and then they piss of the voters to the corners(vry left and vry right) and the end they will say screw you and make their own party and if they want to win election eventually they will have to form some kind of merge wid consv. And so we get two party system Read cross and young article Varies by gender Wealthy are most over represented in the liberal party is interesting bcz usually we think they would be more in consv towards the right(less taxes favouring- based on dist of income) Liberal party member are more career interest oriented- they can get into party bcz they think they will win and have some sort of advantage where iother party members get in the party bcz of strong polictialcal interests and so can be called as strivers 2- political parties and their membership: member placement, 1-10 left right ideological state Left- more state intervention- higher taxes, high welfare state Right- low welfare state, less state intervention, less taxes On the right is 10 and left is 0; median Ndp members place themselves to the right byt party to the left; if ndp always took stance at left, they wouldn’t win so they are trying to move to attract median voter Merge
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