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RLGA01 Lecture 06 Notes.docx

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Henry Shiu

1 RLGA01 Lecture 06  Diverse religion in terms of practice, rituals and demographics  Many other people from different ethics practice this religion  Yana = the vehicle that takes the people from one side to another, a symbolic representation,  The 3 vehicles:  Theravada = small vehicle; practices in south east asia  Mahayana = average size  Vajrayana = a substance that is much stronger that cannot be destroyed, compared to diamond  Theravada is practiced in:  Sri Lanka  Myanmar (Burma)  Thailand  Cambodia  Laos  Mahayana is practiced in:  China  North and South Korea  Mongolia  Japan  Taiwan  Singapore  (Vietnam)  Vajrayana is practiced in:  Tibet  Bhutan  Nepal  Mongolia  (some forms of tantric Buddhism are also practiced in Japan and China)  These are the things Buddhists take very seriously  Three most important aspects of buddhism  Buddha is merely a title, not necessarily God or such, an inner thing  Dharma is seen as the teachings, from the words of Buddha (teachings from him), how to do meditation  vinaya = codes of behaviour, what is appropriate and inappropriate for the followers, to stay on the path to see the enlightment  Samgha = spiritual community  Sramana movement = Path to attain perfect enlightenment  Believed in karma, final stage of liberation  They thought we don’t have a soul, its all an illusion; the continuation of the same person (anatman = no self)  Physical body, feeling, volition, perception, consciousness: these are the only 5 things we have (not a soul) and these are constantly changing; can be divided into physical (the first one) and mental (last four)  There shouldn’t be any selfish act or ego  Once you’re inside the Buddhist community, everyone and everything is equal regardless of caste and gender (= social egalitarianism)  “middle way” = you shouldn’t got to either side of the extremes; don’t have practices there are too many restriction (i.e. Jainism) and not to take everything lightly (i.e. materialistic) 2 RLGA01 Lecture 06  People challenged/questioned how they could believe in reincarnation when they state there’s no such thing as a soul  Siddhartha Gautama  DOB of Siddhartha Gautama (born king of a small place) is unknown  Siddhartha Gautama was the first/one of the first that achieved complete enlightenment called the “Samyaksambudhha”  This is the age (29) he gained inspiration  During his childhood, an older person did come and predict he’ll either become a successful king or a religious leader  A well rounded person  Got married at the age of 15 and had a son  Before the age of 29, he was not allowed to leave his palace so he was oblivious to all the corrupted things happening in the world  And after 29 he was allowed to leave the palace and was shocked to see the corruption occurring  He saw old age, sick person, a death ritual, and then saw a monk…and this all seemed new to him and was shocked by all this; believed that the first 3 were felt by his heart and not head which could be the main reason for the impact  He felt that he wanted to find a way to stop this  Left his family and spent 6 years trying different spiritual practices and at the end he found a way to achieve enlightenment  Duhkha = suffering = The Four Noble Truths  We are not being punished but we are creating these sufferings in our daily life (Samsara)[1]  Continuous craving is a main cause to our sufferings [2]  There could be an end to our sufferings [3]  The end can be attained through following the eightfold path [4]  Not about physical suffering but refers to a mental and emotional suffering  The eight fold path (the right):  The eight fold path is to end all sufferings  view  thought  speech  conduct  livelihood  effort  mindfulness  meditations  The last 3 refer to meditation and controlling our minds  Foundation Teachings of the Buddha:  Four Noble Truths  Dependent-origination  Dependent – Origination  All things are conditioned by a lot of different factors and other factors and so on and because of this all things are constantly changing  All things are interconnected; in a dynamic relation  These changes effect subsequent changes in other things: karma 3 RLGA01 Lecture 06  The twelve links of the chain of dependent-origination:  1) Ignorance  2) karma formations  3) consciousness  4) body-mind complex  5) six senses  6) sense impressions (contacts)  7) feelings  8) craving  9) grasping  10)
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