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Hinduism to Sikhism

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Henry Shiu

Ten Waves of Religion Shamanism(oracles, medical doctors; knowledge on medicine Connecting to the Cosmos(Some sort of answers sought to connect nature, ourselves and the universe ; to believe that we are one with the rest of the world) Temple Religion (Place where you can practise ideals in organised matter with professionals i.e. monks or priests=highest class of society) Prophetic Religion ( religions that believe in prophets=messages from God; messengers of God or psychic abilities to see into the future)(Includes Islam, Judaism) The Energy God( Refers primarily to the single source that brings about everything=how things has always been, not human like, shapeless, just energy; people would identify nature as God) Purity and Monasticism ( Mystery Religion( Initiation is required to access the religion i.e. meditate, chant (kept secret by some religions; In this trance like state you experience this mystical ideal through this mystery religion) God on Earth(Means Avatar; descending on something ,deities that live in another realm who descend upon earth into an earthly form or manifestation to help heal or aide people) Scriptural Religion: At a time when religion was noted i.e. Jesus never wrote any of his teaches they were wrote down by others; Once these religions are in writing than they form the scripture religion i.e. Jesus teaching were only written down 10,000 years after his death) When the teachings were available in written format they were respected by the people and thought to have mystical power. Fundamentalism: Ugliest aspect of religion; when people try to interpret religion literally and try to follow the words to stone they are bound to follow these teachings with little understanding, they only allow their own interpretation and do not allow room for other perspectives or interpretations; People who do not share their view or religious practice are seen as sinners or enemies, unfortunate turn in the development of religion. Hinduism is the dominant religion of India - 85% of 1 billion people in India believe in Hinduism - Problematic terms in this statement are Hinduism, Religion in India - These are not terms that originate from the indigenous words of India; People in the west created this term people in India never say what they practise is Hinduism or use the term religion, this term is a western term there was no eastern language equivalent originally - When we refer to Hinduism as a religion we should conscious ourselves if we are understanding this practise from a western perspective, Originally the people in India never called there land Indian this is another western term - Each one of them suggests uniformity and consistency that does not actually exist. When you apply these terms to India in general we are mistaken because we are not accustoming to understanding diversity discontinuity or difference. - In reality there exist a wide range diversity in what we call Hinduism, you could find almost any type of beliefs in the one called Hinduism - This umbrella term Hinduism covers a diverse area of beliefs and practises Contrast= In Christianity all Christians believe in god and there is one but in Hinduism there all kinds of beliefs on practises - Hinduism are of Persian origin around the 12 century CE (Persians used this term to refer to Indians in general) Thats why the word Hindu is problematic; nave assumption that these people in India were all practising the same thing. - Sanatana dharma = Eternal Law (Closest word Indians have to religion) - Tilaks = forehead markings (similar to wearing a cross to show you are practising Christianity) - Those who practise Siva dont practise Visnu - What we now understand about religion i.e. a time magazine view of religion just one of the activities we do in our life e.g. Reading a book ( Religion would be featured weekly on a table of contents in a magazine - In the east religion is like the foundation in which everything comes from (root) when it comes to how people dress, eat, weddings, horoscope, reading all kinds of things in life they have a source in religion - Insiders have knowledge and experience of these practises while the outsiders comes from a different perspective, they each have an understanding that the other will never know through their different perspective - As a practitioner you will always become subjective to your practise leaving things from an outsiders perspective hard for you to know - As someone who practises Sikhism you understand that the founder was given knowledge from god directly to teach others, from an outside perspective Sikhism is a blend of Hinduism and Islam - Indus Valley Civilization, Aryans due to the fact that Hinduism took place 3000 before it makes it difficult to say where it originated and with whom, besides this Hinduism is also a very conservative religion - In the 1950 at an archaeological findings they found at a site in India a lost civilization that was advanced for their civilization which is 3000 years old the homes had washrooms and the centre of the civilization was (bath spiritual cleansing) - Another source is Aryans - The word India is problematic and was named by the outsiders to refer to the land surrounding the Indus River Bharata = indigenous term for India - Indus Valley culture flourished between 3000 to 1500 BCE (wild guess) the civilization may have spanned over one million square kilometres - Crafting in the caves showed concerned with procreation and purity, worship male animals as a way of incorporating their sexual powers - Female reproduction powers were also regarded as sacred ( this power has revered as a Goddess)- Purification practices meditation and the well-organized cites suggest the importance of order and restraint - So who are the Aryans? They were not highly organized, they were nomads rather than settled agriculturalists - The Aryan language evolved into the Sanskrit the official language of the Hindu religion ( thats why you here many chants or mantra sacred spells) Whatever language Aryans spoke became extinct; people still cannot decipher there language - Sanskrit for God = deva, akin to the English words divine and deity; all European languages have their origin in Sanskrit languages Slide 14 Lecture 2 - Almost everything we know about the Aryans comes from a collection of writings known as the Veda (Sacred Scriptures) - So important is the Veda that Hinduism is sometimes called Vaidik Dharma, meaning the religions of the Veda - Prana, an internal air current of the body, is often spoken of as the basic animating principle. - so certain moral principle among human kind peace violence truth all of these moral principles are thought to be governed by this impersonal principle - You ll find dozens of counts of how the universe came to be and how it relates to god, in hinduism they dont follow this a great example is Purusha - There is no clear narative of this story it merely tells u
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