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RLGA02H3 (152)
David Perley (141)

christianity and islam

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

CANON refers to a standard. A scriptural canon is the list of books acknowledged as scripture. A list of acknowledged saints can also be referred to as canon. Canon law can refer to Church regulations and disciplines. This word is significant because in the early Christian movement there was no canon but rather a message of Jesus as the risen lord (eventually this message changed into reporting Jesus cosmically significant life on Earth). I am not stating there was no scripture at that point but rather no acknowledgement of the scripture as the community focused on preaching the message. Almost three centuries later than the very early movements, when Christianity became an established religion, church leaders listed the four gospels as scripture. These four gospels of Mark, Luke, John and Matthew were universally accepted by Christendom. BISHOPS were supervising priests of a district called diocese. In some branches of Christianity, the bishop has charge of ordaining priests as well as confirming baptisms. Constantine saw the Church as a way to stabilize his government as Churches throughout the empire used this form of regional government with the Bishop at the top enforcing remarkable discipline. This is significant because of the role bishops played in the third century where four cities emerged (eventually a fifth came along) in prominence, the bishops of these cities were called patriarchs. The ordination lineage of bishops was referred to as apostolic succession to legitimize the bishops authority (beginning of origin of Apostles creed). Eucharist refers to a central Christian ritual, but is known as different terms among the Christian divisions. It is a ritual re-enactment of Jesus sacrifice of himself, patterned after his sharing bread and wine as his body and blood at his final Passover meal with his disciples, as stated by the synoptic gospels. The word in Greek refers to thanksgiving but is referred to as different things by the Christian divisions. There is a prayer where the officiating priest or minister repeats the event and invites the congregation to receive communion (bread and wine). This is significant because the event is a celebration of Jesus sacrifice to atone for mankinds sins, as a saviour (divine or human); this theme of Jesus as a saviour plays an important role in modern Christianity movements (after establishment). Logos means Word in the sense of eternal divine intelligence and purpose. In Johns gospel he states that at the beginning there was logos, which was with and was God, this signified the importance of God who can create and control the world through is Word. Eventually, John states that logos became flesh, referring to the Jesus Christ. This is where a great debate began between if Jesus was divine (meaning logos) or human which continues on today. Jesus is either one person with a divine nature (logos); one person with a divine nature and human nature or two persons one being divine or the other being human.
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