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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - RLGA02

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

Religion Lecture 4  What was the significance of talking about punishment? - Kept Moses moral - Prophets are subject to all the rules and regulations like everyone else - Moses wasn’t able to enter the promise land  12 tribes – 11 in their territory  One tribe has a special role, instead of giving it land the Levites are the priestly class in charge of administrating the temple, rituals etc.  The Levites are the descendants of Moses/Aaron  Unification through a king of all the tribes  Saul – David – Solomon  David establishes the capital: Jerusalem (1000 B.C)  David’s son Solomon builds the temple  Cyrus  Issues about whether how well is Solomon is obeying God’s commandments  wives bring in statues (idols)  Solomon falls from grace which leads to the breaking up of the kingdom  History: Syrians attack the Northern Kingdom  Judah is the Southern Kingdom which contains the capital  Assyrians conquer northern redoing – 721 BCE (before common era)  We have the later prophets warning people that they are getting conquered by Assyrians because they turning away from God o Punishment  From the North there are 10 lost tribes o Dispersed (diaspora) o Away from their home  In the South things stay relatively stable until 586 BCE  Babylonians which conquer and destroy the temple o Take them as slaves and bring them to Babylon (exile) - We start to refer to them as Jews - Jews living in Babylon - 50 year exile  there is no temple during this time, no role for the priest - Group in exile start to develop alternative ways to foster these rituals  gather together as a community to make sure their ideas of the synagogue will not disappear  community - Instead of sacrificial rituals they had dietary rituals, prayer “liturgy” - Start to develop liturgical ceremonies, singing hymns and pray “substitute” for their normal sacrificial ceremonies  Exile key terms - Community - Text  Interpretation; codification  Torah - Make up tradition, preserving the people and the text - Shekhinah: divine presence  Through proper obedience, God’s presence is there  Attempt to bring God into their world  Repairing the world, through activity inviting God in  540 BCE – Persians conquer the Babylonians - King Cyrus allow Jews to return to Judah and rebuild the temple -
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