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David Perley

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Religions – Western Traditions: CHRISTIANITY Lecture 05, 06 and 07 Jesus in the Gospel  The very beginning of the Christianity took place in Judaism  Israel is part of the Roman Empire  Anti-Roman sentiment in the region, especially after the destruction of the second temple  The Apocalyptic hope is really strong because Christianity evolves from the apocalypse from Judaism  Apocalypse is the absolute final thing, unveiling (revelation); idea of situation is so bad need radical solution  End time of apocalypse, is the beginning of new time  Apocalypse: Desperate hope that someone is going to save us from the bad times  Idea of Apocalyptic: the end is going happen soon because there is no time; which people must act according and seek forgiveness ASAP  Scholars and devotes of Christianity observe the life Jesus very differently  Sources to understand Jesus: The GOSPELS  Why are there are Four Gospels? o There are four different versions of Jesus o There are four versions because there is no more of gospel being the dominant source of Jesus. o Jesus’s disciples are the founders of the Gospels or their descendants; earliest communities that were surrounded by these people Mosaic: pieces of glass are fused together; pieces that have connection between them Mosaic of Jesus: each of the interpretation bleed into each other; all the interpretations participate together  Notion of God’s love, especially Jesus cruxification  Christianity based on Two Commandments: 1. Love for God 2. Love for other Human Beings (Love for One’s Neighbours) Notion of Messiah  Messiah is not spiritual ruler to right wrongs, Messiah is not one localized savior but worldwide savior; a spiritual kingdom  Divine Love and Mercy that triggers God to represent him/herself to the world  Key Theoretical Component of Judaism and How Islam Grows After: Jesus retains his humanity but is a divine being  Jesus is equally divine being and human; it is a paradox  Born and grew up as a Jew, thus Jesus participates in Judaism  However Jesus was a radical thinker  Missionary Religion: it would be mean, a message that has to broadcast o Message in the Three Traditions: spreading the message and seeing the numbers grow o Number=Power: more and more people doing God’s will; more support for your perspective  If it keeps growing in number then it becomes TRUE  However Judaism is not trying to gain power through conversions, because it is not a Missionary Religion The Story of Pentecost: Jesus has been cruxified and disciples have no idea what to do, tongues of fire electrocute the disciples from sprit of God; now disciples can speak many language thus spread the word The Hebrew Bible Tower of Babel Story: Group of people are going to build thus tower, they are building this tower that is going to reach the heaven; thus shows human ignorance thus God eliminates the communication among humans Paul: characterized as the founder of Christianity; Paul and the letters he wrote were so pivotal of founding the Church; and assured consistency of practice among the Christianity communities  Suggesting Christianity can be religion for gentile or Jews, you did not have to be Jewish to practice Christianity  Many people were Greeks who joined Christianity, therefore the language became Greek; makes it more accessible  Christianity emerge as non Jewish religion among gentile population  Paul stress less of what Jesus did daily and tried to focus more on the nature of Jesus such as sacfrice of Jesus for the sinners  As humans we are broken creatures whom sin, Paul says that’s how we are but it is not a bad thing, God accepts us the way we are  Jesus focused less on law and more about “getting my inner state in the right relationship with the divide”  Moses perceives the law and follow the commandments; Christianity says follow the commandments but also follow Jesus  Paul: “My faith in Jesus as a redeemer” Christ  Jesus is a Cosmic Messiah because he is a redeemer  Sin is a major problem that calls for a solution The Garden of Eden Story: In Christianity the Adam and Eve story becomes more symbolic as in we all have inherited the sin from Adam and Eve  Therefore we need something to remove it Testament: Covenant or contract; Jesus is a new contract  Jews don’t claim the old testament as OLD  Hebrew Bible says that is a revelation by Moses  Gospel writers are inspired by the Divine and Jesus is the revelation; expressed through a person but through ideas and beliefs  Christianity develop, has various ideas towards the testament  The Scripture is infoulable; status of divinely inspired, it cannot have any errors Literalism: the words in this document are literally true meaning the context from this book is factually true. Thus, Christians believe the New Testament tells the true history. SCHOLARS FOCUS: The Gospels is document collected by the community; learn about the community at that time rather than focusing about whether God actually wrote/said these things in the Bible The Gospels: authors of the Bible by not eye witnesses; thus based on oral tradition  Jesus – The Disciples – Friends and Family of Disciple – Community  Evangelical: from Greek word; “Good News”  During the second century they began to organize the real books from Matthew, Mark, Luke and John  Peter: in Gospel of Peter, it claimed Jesus did not die on the crucifix thus did not make the cut  The New Testament is written in Greek, which made the religion more accessible to the gentile population  The first three gospels are synoptic, the three gospels have strong similarities in telling the story of Jesus  In Mark: refers to Jesus as savior of gentiles  In Matthew: refers to Jesus as a Messiah  In Luke: the role Jesus for not only Jews but gentiles and talks about the poor  John is not one of the synoptic, in the synoptics talks about highlights of life of Jesus and what he does  In John: the word is flesh, Jesus is more abstract The Sayings of Gospel - Q Document:  The synoptic gospels have so much in common with each other, the literature is similar  The information comes from oral tradition  Mark is the earliest Gospel and Matthew and Luke are copies of Mark  Matthew and Luke share different kind of relationship, the material comes from the source which is Q  The idea of Q is a combination of the three gospels Gospel Literary Relations Matthew was written after Mark and Luke was written after Matthew. However, Luke did not copy from Matthew. Matthew and Luke have an “indirect” literary relationship. One of the books has been written while that author had the other book in his hand as reference. 1. Many text words are the same in both books. 2. Agree in the same order. Matthew and Mark have same chronological order such as the order of names. In oral tradition, it does not allow the exact same order. Luke and Matthew: Levi is mentioned in both gospels thus suggesting Luke copied Mark Material from Matthew and Luke is Q. We Say Mark is Written First: The important stories not in Mark explain Mark did not copy from Matthew and Luke. In all three gospels you can see Matthew and Luke’s literature is more superior from Mark. Matthew and Luke did NOT copy from one another: because Matthew changes Simon name to Peter but Luke never mentions Peter thus Luke did not copy Matthew Q Source Document  It is called Q because German word for source is “Quelle” and over time it has been shortened to Q.  Q is the story or words that Matthew and Luke have but Mark doesn’t. What is Q?  It is a saying Gospel like Gospel of Thomas. Saying Gospels has just all Jesus saying and little narration.  Q is RURAL GALILEN JEWISH DOCUMENT. Q reflects before the Jesus movement and the Q people regarded Jesus as a teacher not saviour. Gospel: can translate to “good news”  The close people of Jesus go and share the wisdom of Jesus to their communities whom created the Gospels.  The author name of Gospels has been attached to the literature.  Gospel of Peter did make the final cut because it claimed Jesus returned to heaven before crucifixication. Therefore, the Bishop cut it from the Gospels and banned it for others reading it. 1. The Gospel of Mark (first according to Scholars)  Paul’s letters were first written.  In 65 AC to 70 AC, symbolized by winged Lion. Winged Lion because of setting of the Gospel, (dessert and heaven).  This gospel is mentioned in 131 AC and scholars believe Mark is disciple of Peter.
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