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Lecture 7

Religion Part 2 Lecture 7.docx

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David Perley

Religion Part 2: Lecture 7  Reformation and essay questions  3 reformation  “The Press is mightier than the pen” but the classic one is “pen is mightier than the sword” means knowledge can be far more effective and powerful than physical force. Luther is very essential to the beginning of Christianity. Early Christianity – different forces and factors,, different gospels, by the 4 century it gets funnel down into a consistent doctrine. Eventually east and the west split occurs and done by the 11 century. In the west, they had mono-ethic Church. Luther says – he’s saying you’re free lord and subjected to nobody but on the other hand he’s saying you’re subjected to somebody – contradictory  1st one places focus on individuality and the second one – community. As a member of community [selflessness], the focus is on the community. By combining both ideas he creates freedom in devotion. Christian community – church. When he’s talking about freedom, he means Freedom from the papal authority or freedom from the catholic church. He means being subjected to the community not only these institution. The idea that only God has power over you but no one else. More like individuality – reading scripture.  1. Magisterial reformation  Luther (1483-1546) = think of technologies, press was a tool for Luther to get his ideas across the people.  Freedom in devotion  Mediation: solving a problem, mediator kind of smooth it over. Using a priest as a mediator. A religious tradition where they help facilitate the relationship between individual and God. Mediator: something stands between the two. Which might be a priest or ritual – helps you to get connected to God. But Luther sees Church development as a way of blocking direct connection. By the 16 th century, Roman church went through massive evolution – their ritual surrounding veneration of bones of certain saints, pilgrimages, naneries, everything is getting a lot more complicated and the church started getting rich. Taxes or indulgences is what made the church get rich. Luther sees Indulgences as a major distraction that gets in the way of worshiping the divine. Wealthy people with position of power, donating money to the church, they transform the money into spiritual merit, then they apply it to the ancestors or aristocrats. If you believe in this tradition, and you have money you’ll do it no matter what. For Luther Mediators is an obstacles, to the relationship of how he sees relationship to God. He rejected the power and authority of the Pope, rituals surrounding saints, raliks, closes down nunneries, tries to suggest that there can be far less mediation.  For Luther he suggests reasons with a conscience and scriptures are the two key things they need as a replacement of the priests or mediators. He wan the only one discover the reformation. Other people also voiced their opinion but Luther gets more focus that he cuts himself off from the church and starts the whole new things. The people who remained in the church in spite of standing against poverty and any other matters.  Monasticism- maybe for the monasteries it’s a way of great life but he sees it as a destruction. Old fashioned enterprise – people on street don’t really see what’s happening. Also closes nunneries, for the women role. He’s a reformer but as a person he could be really nasty.  Social, economic, political context = these play into his success, without these he probably wouldn’t be successful at all. Feudalism was the default structure – its about land and ownership, its not that they have to give a cut. As a servant who works there their whole life, at the end of their lives they could get a little plot to own a small portion of land. – look up the term feudalism. The clergy would be part of the system too and they would own lands as well. Wealthy people, middle class and the labours but back in the time there was no middle, the middle starts getting recognized as reformation takes place. Feudalism gets shifted to capitalism. How does it happen? The development of manufacturing class, they get people to work the lands, in 16 century people would make things with their hands and tools, the people who were running the factories weren’t aristocrats but rather a new group of people who gets rich all of a sudden. The magistrates that support Luther are these people. They shift in economic power is tied in with a shift in religious power. Magisterial reformation: reformation sponsored by magistered refers to the merchant class, they supported Luther and he supported them too.  The holy roman empire sort of like banned and more like a slice. By the 16 th century it goes under decentralization – had some kind of centralization. For Rome becomes extremely difficult for them to control the whole empire and kind of breaking apart. IF they are breaking apart politically and economically that means they stopped paying the taxes. The merchant class hands on to the money so does the church people. Roman empire couldn’t control anything anymore.  The role of vernacular language: Poly was a vernacular language – Buddhism language. Greek was the vernacular language in Jerusalem. Luther shifts Christianity away from being stuck in his mind in Latin. People who doesn’t know Latin didn’t understand the content well, Luther turns things on and tells them they need to understand what it meant. Thus, he wanted to translate it in a language that majority knows. Even if you’re illiterate you could hear someone who’s reading it off. Latin church keeps things in Latin, the control there is severe. The religious information- if yo
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