Religion Part 2: Lecture 5
Christianity: 3 key ideas – apocalypse, Messiah and eschatology
Apocalyptic – something about the end of the world or end of an area or ending
of an way of being. Armageddon, cataclysmic . Began around 3 century BCE.
Its also about revelation and unveiling and a vision. Apocalyptic tradition =
visionary tradition. Refer to Hebrew Bible. They are concerned with Messiah,
social condition leading up to the tradition = no kings[David] by the time of 3rd
Anointed one – sprinkling with water, Messiah has be anointed – a special
designation. They are specially designated and god appointed them. It’s the hope
for a having a King, that would handle the current situation. In general, vision
was to bring back justice, get rid of evil,,, reward the obedient and punish the
wicked. The theme of positive things comes through obedience and negative
things from disobedience. There’s no king but a hope or desire for having a king
and a removal of evil.
The destructive component of apocalyptic tradition not for the evil ones.
Reclaims the temple for short period of time. – it gets destroyed Messianic hopes
– majority never came and didn’t become that reliant on the hope.[returning of
Messiah. Diversity of the tradition that we can’t get through for the most part
general tradition stops worrying about Messiah and are apocalyptic.
The theme of war and obedience.
Pre-destruction of the temple: Jewish sect – apocalyptic and hoping for Messiah
and part of the committee when they think Jesus as the person. the Christians
see him as a part of history and began look back at the tradition. Saw Isaac
reference to Messiah and identified as the vision of Jesus himself and Most Jews
reference the views of Messiah does not connect it to Jesus but early Christians
and today’s Christians does. Each tradition looks back to have a proper sense of
what the tradition is.
The Rabbinical tradition looks back to make sense of their current situation. For
the historians it becomes difficult to find the accurate history since its’ locked to
The diciples gathered around and said Jesus is the Messiah we’been waiting for.
By the time, Messiah started to change. He is not only the ruler but has
something more to it. Not directly saving us from repression or anything but
Christ is more of a cosmic savior. Be regretful for the bad things and change your
way. They say you don’t know when the right Messiah will come, so change your
ways which will lead to death and destruction. Change your ways becausef
Messiah can come any time. If follow the good things the reward might be life. –
Change of one era to the next. As Christianity develops it expands, by the time we
get to early Chirstian tradition, they want to repent. The Messiah arrived, dies,
and then comes back. There’s not a lot of time left. It was the tradition that didn’t
expect things to go on for a long time. Repent for your sins? – need to be presentable when Messiah. Its not only a matter of life and death but also the
eternal life. The idea of having a good relationship to God, which gets connected
tot the idea of heaven and hell and rewards and punishments.
Sometimes, eternal life references to paradise. In Hebrew bible, the idea of death
is not good, not much to do, its way better to go on living or at least have prodigy
– generation to live on your behalf. But in Christianity, would start to see a
difference. Not only about life and death but you also go to this other life where
you will be assessed for my actions to it would determine the permanent path.
The idea of paradise- heaven is not something that later Muslims or Christians
made up. Its not only about hanging out with God, there’s also the bad place life
hell where you will be suffering from pain.
Eschatology- concerned with the end time, once the world is no more, there’s
moment in the future where the world would end, so we either go up or down
[heaven or hell]
Messiah- meaning changes in Christian traditions. The idea of judgment is
proved to be existed but things just got more complicated, as we went along
Jesus in Gospels – Christian tradition – apocalyptic tradition. Apocalyptic idea of
repent to figure things out. During the 3 century apocalyptic tradition is not
talking about world ending but rather talking about the things that must be
followed or avoided in particular.
By the time of Jesus was part of the Roman empire, people also lived in
Jerusalem. By the time the 2 temple is destroyed and Jerusalem is burned, early
Christians are also part of the story.
Jews were hoping for the military/ spiritual people to rise up to kick the Roman
out of the way. He was not exceptional at that time, if you got into politics they
will arrest you or punish you.
As Christianity developed, its different from the Judaism, - Jesus is interpreted in
such a sacred way, most of the information about him comes from the Gospels,
its really important since it makes us think of the early community thought of
him and what they believed in. His ministry lasted only for 3 years, he was
arrested –that means he was perceived as some kind of threat. New testament-
sacred stories and narratives according to the tradition.
Mosaic- the idea of pieces of things come together to form a picture. Think of
Jesus as a mosaic, different community said different things about him. By the 4 th
century CE, the 4 gospels are 4 perspective, they go on and people gather around
them listen to the stories and perspective about Jesus, and people become
gospels from there. Their claims are not eye-witne