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David Perley (141)


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David Perley

- Apocalyptic = “end of the world” in glossary translate it into end of an era; end of one way of being and now there’s a new way of being o Armaggedon/catachysmic events that will completely destroy the world (apocalypse is not like that) o Apocalyptic traditions begin around 3 century BCE (Jewish traditions); these people are talking about a revelation/”unveiling”/vision o Aka Visionary traditions o Example: book of DAVID in the Hebrew bible; concerned with a messiah o Social conditions leading up to the tradition; chronic conquering of region by different groups o By 3 BCE there are no kings (1) o (3) But hope for a king doesn’t go away; hope for a king that comes back and deals with injustice o Visions of apocalyptic people of a returning messiah to come back bring back justice – get rid of evil – reward the obedient and punish the wicked o Theme of reward and obedience is still here in apocalyptic tradition o Visions are of impending moment of time when something’s going to happen to eradicate evil o Clear destructive component of the apocalyptic traditions but it’s for the disobedient o 2 century BCE – Maccabean revolt reclaims temple for short period of time o people expressing messianic hopes identified juda’s family/haesominams as messiahs but it gets destroyed so they think they did something wrong o so hoping for return or something again o 70CE – temple is destroyed and rabbinical tradition carries on (non- apocalyptic) o it never comes and revise the tradition to not be reliant on a messiah to come (4) o (5) WANT TO REPENT NOW! Cuz they don’t know when the messiah might come (urgency) if you’re not on the right side of things what’s going to happen to you o Death and destruction as punishment o Repent so you’re ready when the messiah arrives o If you’re on the side of good reward is LIFE (not eternal life in heaven) (5) - (2) Messiah = “anointed one”  “cosmic savior from sin” o Symbolic meaning of someone being anointed = special designation and god’s picked them out (2) o - (6) Eschatology – END times (there’s a moment in the future where the world is completely gone and we go one way heaven or hell) o They want to repent because I want eternal life, hoping to either be at this place where god is (heaven) o Reward of proper obedience is connected to notion of heaven and hell o Eternal life = paradise o Hebrew bible (gehena  shadow world) idea of being dead is not such a great thing or at least have progeny o Christianity you see a difference it’s not about life and death here I’m not going to be assessed on a different level is where I’m going to a permanent place (heaven/hell) o Heaven is not something Christians/muslims made up it’s still tied to jewish traditons = GARDEN OF EDEN! o Paradise is a place that exists but is cut off from us – heavenly dimension where god lives o Repent because messiah is coming back and also becomes concerns of eternal o The death and resurrection of jesus - 3 century BCE (no kings) - 2 century BCE  Messiah as foretold in tradition  70 CE - (4) Jesus dies around 33CE before destruction of temple - Christians see Jesus as pivotal moment in history and being looking back at the tradition and see Isaiah in reference to a coming messiah = vision of jesus himself - Rabbinical tradition looks back on the tradition and reconfigures the tradition for its own current situation - As Christianity develops Jesus not just a political kingly ruler it’s more cosmic - Classic messiah saves us from injustice, oppression, evil, wicked people - Christ is a more cosmic universal savior and isn’t saving us from oppression and wicked rulers but he’s saving us from SIN(4) - (6) By 70CE we have early Christian communities exist, Jerusalem is burned these early Christians are part of that story - Apocalyptic sentiment in Judaism is reflected in this bad situation - Jews were hoping for kingly/military/spiritual person to come and kick the people out of Israel - In this context that Jesus prieches - He was not exceptional there was a lot of people like him - Romans who chose crusifiction - The stories about jesus come from the tradition itself - His ministry lasted only 3 years – politically explosive - He’s arrested and tried with treason and then crucified o Was some kind of threat - New testament: o Stories about what Jesus said and did but according to the tradition - what is a mosaic? o Jesus was a mosaic (diff communities say diff things about him) o 4 gospels by 4CE be part of the new testament  4 perspectives - Matthew, Marc, Luke and john not authors of the gospels but were the deciples of all these people - We can only piece together a mosaic like image of who he was - Gospel of peter doesn’t talk about the ressurecetion so it doesn’t make it in - Jesus is divine (not just another human being) - Not jesus receiving a msg from god and then relaying it – he IS the message (he is the divine) - Jesus
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