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Lecture 4

RLGA02H3 Lecture 4.docx

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Simon Appolloni

RLGA02H3 Lecture 4 Recap • The Pentateuch is/was five the books of Moses • The first Temple was built in Jerusalem by Solomon who was the son of David • Before the first centuries CE, the term yehudi('Judean', 'Jew') meant belonging to a particular territory • The Three sections of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) are • Rabbinic interpretation of the bible following the sequence of the biblical text is called midrash • The Germarah, of where there are two versions, is a commentary on the Mishnah • The languages of the Talmud are Hebrow for the Misnah andAramaic for the germarahs • The mostfamous medieval Jewish philosopher, the author of the Thirteen Principles of Faith and The Guide of the Perplexed is The Early Modern Period • This was a peaceful time where Jews, Christians and Muslims were peaceful with each other • Many great thinkers, musicians and artists came up in this period of time Mystical Practices • Mysticism is looking at the world in a more spiritual and embodied way, not just from your mind. • It wasn't received well by all, especially rabbis because it did not come from the scriptures and it didn't give credit to god. It causes you to move away from the intended faith described in the scriptures Kabbalah • It is the mystical tradition of Judaism • It means "received tradition" and it was called that because it stems from the torah which is why Jews recognized it as important. • Many Jews reject this because some Jews don't see it as being monotheistic. When the Kabbalah talks about the different natures of god, it makes it sound like something from polytheism Hasidism • Israel ben Eliezer created a pietistic Judaism which focuses more on how we relate to one another and getting closer to god through prayer Napoleonic period's influence • Jews were isolated from mainstream society and lived in Ghetto's because of the anti- Semitism by the Christians The Reform Movement • The movement reached its most significant form in Germany in the 18th and 19th century • Judaism was a religion, not a nationality or ethnicity was what Moses Mendelssohn said. • South to minimize the temptation of converting to Christianity by creating a new, more modern kind of Jewish life • Taken to NorthAmerican by German Jews in the mid 19th century, Reform Judaism continued to modernize and imbibe the intellectual assumptions of the time. Conservative Judaism • If a particular custom can be shown to be fairy recent or secondary, then there is a precedent for further change or even elimination. For this reason, Hebrew is still used in prayer. However some reforms followed, such as patriarchal elements not allowing women to participate in servic
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