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Lecture

Lecture 05 fin.docx

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Department
Religion
Course
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 05 AGENDA FOR February 7JESUS IN THE GOSPELSMOSAICLOVE AND THE TWO COMMANDMENTSEARLY CHRISTIAN BELIEF AND HISTORYPAULTHE STRUCTURE OF THE NEW TESTAMENTGOSPELSJesus and mosaic Some scholars are radical enough to call Paul the founder of ChristianityJESUS IN THE GOSPELSMOSAIC COMPOSITE PORTRAIT OF JESUSTHE TWO COMMANDMENTSLOVE FOR GODLOVE FOR ONES NEIGHBOURSPIRITUAL VS POLITICAL KINGDOMst 1 century the destruction of the second temple is very a chromatic and dramatic moment in stJewish history Bear in mind that by the time of Jesus 1 century Israel is part of the Roman Empire Also because of the chronic occupation in the region by this time there is a lot of antiroman sentiment which just means people protesting and keeping occupied This leads to dreams and hopes of some sort of messianic figure that is going to come in and fix things Lets bear in mind that in the Judaic context that is the idea of a spiritual political ruler were not yet at the Christian reinterpretation of messiah as the cosmic savior of sin So connected with this hope for a messiah this sort of bad situation of being occupied is precisely the tradition of Apocalyticism This is the tradition of people giving the rest of the community that God is angry with us we have done something wrong and if we dont figure things out we are going to get punished severely The Apocalyticismis usually some radical change where the unjust are punished and the righteous are rewarded So its not the full on cataclysmic absolute annihilation of the world Well it is a radical moment of conflict that leads to something else after So this all kind of takes place in kind of our world Eschatologyis the beliefs about afterlifeology means the study of end times that is usually especially in Islam and ChristianityIts the end time where the dead are resurrected they are judged by God and it is decided on whether they go to heaven or hell Concern about the after lifeApocalyticism is a different thing Apocalyticism its not the end in terms of the end of our live here Its the end of the stage of the ways we have been doing things on this planet and percolates the start of something else Early Christianity is often characterized as an Apocalyticism movement but it also has Eschatological components Dont confuse the terms Jews at the time are hoping for some kind of kingly military leader to rise up and get rid of the Romans and allow them to reclaim the land of Israel Whats interesting is that this idea of the messiah returning and correcting the wrongs of the world there is hints of it in the Hebrew bible so some of the later prophets talk about visions they have of messiahs coming So when certain figures appear and are very politically active its no surprise that some of that community identify these people as potential messiahs So were not going to find one singular portrayal of Jesus in the Christian tradition at all even within the Holy book itself The four gospels sort of present four angles on the story Sometimes its the same story but sometimes they have additions or differences Jesus His life if very short and our knowledge of who he is come to us from the most part through the Gospels Dont want to think of the Gospels as the historical record of events that happened Scholars agree that it is pretty well believed that Jesus was born in 4 BCE which differs from tradition which believes he was born around zero There is consensus that he lives to about 3033 There is evidence outside of Christian tradition that there was a guy named Jesus who was arrested and crucified There is some historical collaboration that the person Jesus was around but the stories that he actually did has only really come to us through the Gospels Lets think of the gospels as paintings and each painting sort of gives us a perspective or angle on who this person was Metaphor Mosaic tileseach tile is sort of a different interpretation or perspective on who Jesus was So as historians we collect the tiles and try to put together some sort of composite picture of who he was Usually Mosaics can use tiles but also sometimes they use stain glass Stain glass Mosaic pieces put framed together kind of glued together The glue that glues them together is lead like solder You melt is and kind of stick the pieces and when it dries it kind of seals it altogether It does sort of presume that there is some sort of glue that keeps all the pieces or all the different pictures of Jesus together Some over arching idea or framework to put all the pieces in Radically move away from this idea We might just maybe think that the glue is the central notion of Christianity some
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