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Lisa Henry

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Key Terms for Hinduism 1. Sanatana Dharma Sanatana Dharma means enternal faith it gives discpline in the religion it describes how a hindu should live life Ones dharama is sanatana dharma To say that all everyone that practices the Hindu religion is the same Sanatana Dharma is an enternal law which all hindus fall under, hinduism being very diverse this makes all the hindu come together in a sense under this law how everyone has a duty in life and they should all fulfill their duty correctly there is know specific way of worship or deity to follow in hinduism you can worship any deity you please to worship Sanatana Dhrama being another word for hinduism- hinduism being very diverse Sanatana means no begining and no end and dharam means right conduct/action 2. Tilak (or tilaka) a dot or mark on the forehead made with red or other coloured powder they are forehead markings to tell which devotee they follow three horiziontal straight while lines across the forehead you are a shiva devotee one red vertial red straight line in the middle of the forehead you are a Vishnu devotee 3. Bharata is the native term for India the term for india back in the day in the Indus Valley Civilzation period time frame 4. Karma Karma the word itself means actions or deeds Ones actions, whose cumulative result is held to have a determining effect on the equality of rebirth in the future existances The type of caste that you were born into was believed to be do to the type of karma that person had in their previous life ( lower caste- bad karma in the past , higher caste- good karma was done in the past) there is good karma and bad karma in a sense Karma works together with the cycle of reincarnation without either one these they do not work in al indian relgions there is a belief that al actions would entail a consequence good or bad of some sort whether you did them noe presently or in your previous life what goes around comes around old saying With karma there is some type of natural mechanism which conditions someone destiny by praying to your deity they can lower your karma when you build up your bad karma you are trapped in the cycle of reincartion to escape the cycle you need to fuilfill your duty and do good karma ex: doing your duty , your role in life properly and to the fullest 5. Samsara The continuing cycle of rebirths therefore the cycle of reincarnation the cycle of birth and death one of the ideas in hinduism to reach moska which is liberation samsara, karma, dharma and moksa all work together in reaching the ultimate goal ( liberation) 6. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) this civilization existed well between 3000 to 1500 BCE It was mainly made up of 3 cities: o Harappa o Mohenjo Daro this civilzation spread over 1 million km this civilization had their own rights and their own law systems The people in IVC believed in procreation and pureity o female reproductive power- this was considered sacred o purity- they had in the middle of thier cities a big great bath- mainly used for rituals and other occasions ( spirtual purification and hygenic purposes) they practiced worshiping goddesses during their time meidtation was practiced among the people in this civilization the cities int IVC were very organized o each of their houses had its own toilet system 7. Mohenjo- Daro one of the cities that made up the Indus Valley Civilziation there is uniformity in these towns Mohenjo- Daro means Mound of the Dead 8. Harappa the other town that made up the Indus Valley Civilziation between Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro it was over 480 km apart the Indus Valley civilization was covered alot more by the Harappa town people in the Harappa civilization were impressive builders ( lived in planned cities) 9. Aryans they were not highly organized they were nomads rather than settled agriculturists they moved from place to place original lived in central Asia, they conqured the Indus Valley Civilization some say Aryans moved around 1300 BCE the Aryan Language evolved into Sanksirt, which was considered the official language in Hinduism Populations that invaded nothern India from the northeast in the second millennium BCE, becoming rulers over the indigenous Dravidian People 10. Sanskrit Sanskrit is the official language in Hinduism back in the day people were taught orally and later on it was written the Vedas were written / spoken in the vedas sanskrit is hte lanuage for scriptual writing belief that sanskrt is not just a language it was ver y sacred sanskrit can be the orgin of some english words some people htink 11. Puranas Old tales, stories about deities that became important after the Vedic period some say that the puranas are the 5 vedas a new collection of texts compased to praise the glories of deiteies and specifiy the forms of worship ( how to perform pujas, the principle of pujas example of some puranas can be the Ramanya or Mahabratha which all deal with certain deites and teach about certain values to obtain about life they give an understanding of who each deity is 12. Bhagavad-Gita desire less action is possible only thourhg egoless vharkthi ( faith) the bhagavad gita is one of the holy books in hinduism just like the bible or the Quran
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