Lecture 2

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10 Nov 2010
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Lecture 02 / pg. 1
Shiu, Henry September 22nd, 2009
RLGA01, Lec. 02
Review from Previous Lecture
- The name India was first named by the outsiders to refer to the land surrounding the
Indus River
- Bharata = indigenous term for India
- In the 1960s, India attracted the hippies from the West, seeking mystical experience and
enrichment from the India sages
- What makes the idea of India problematic is that it may suggest greater cohesiveness and
unity than it actually exists
- Indus Valley culture flourished between 3000 to 1500 BCE
o The Indus Valley civilization may have spanned over one million square
kilometres
o Most important of the excavating sites are Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
- Concerned with procreation and purity
- Worship male animals as a way of incorporating their sexual powers
- Female reproduction powers were also regarded as sacred
- Female principle may have been revered as a goddess
- Purification practices, meditation, and the well-organized cities suggest the importance of
So who are the Aryans?
- They were not highly organized
- They were nomads rather than settled agriculturalists
- The Aryan language evolved into the Sanskrit, the official language of the Hindu religion
- The Sanskrit word for God is deva, akin to the English words divine and deity
Veda
- Almost everything we know about them comes from a collection of writings known as
the Veda
- So important is the Veda that Hinduism is sometimes called Vaidik dharma, meaning the
religions of the Veda
- The words of the Veda, according to traditional conviction, were revealed to ancient seers
FDOOHGµrishis
o Mahabharata
o Ramayana
o Puranas
o Bhagavad-Gita
- The Veda divides into four samhitas or collections:
o Rig ± Veda
o Yajur ± Veda
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Document Summary

The name india was first named by the outsiders to refer to the land surrounding the. In the 1960s, india attracted the hippies from the west, seeking mystical experience and enrichment from the india sages. What makes the idea of india problematic is that it may suggest greater cohesiveness and unity than it actually exists. Indus valley culture flourished between 3000 to 1500 bce: the indus valley civilization may have spanned over one million square kilometres, most important of the excavating sites are mohenjo-daro and harappa. Worship male animals as a way of incorporating their sexual powers. Female reproduction powers were also regarded as sacred. Female principle may have been revered as a goddess. Purification practices, meditation, and the well-organized cities suggest the importance of. They were nomads rather than settled agriculturalists. The aryan language evolved into the sanskrit, the official language of the hindu religion.

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