RLGA01H3 Lecture Notes - Tantra, Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Nanak

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Published on 24 Oct 2012
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Department
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Sikhism
Conflicts between outsider and insider seen most clearly in this religion
Two very different theories about how Sikhism arose insider vs. outsider understanding
Punjab: North Western India
Significant about this region = lot of conflict between Muslims and Hindus in the area
o 13-14 century where Muslims tried to conquer and convert Hindus
Most devastating to Buddhist: 12century onwards, Buddhism became extinct in India! And went
to neighboring China, Tibet and further Japan, due to the conquest of the Muslims
500 year period (starting 1526) starting of the Mughal empire
Under this empire, much smoother and more tolerance; more peaceful about the coexistence of the
other Religions Indo-Islamic culture that was developed
Lots of architecture from elements of the two religions mixing
The Taj Mahal was built around that time only happened due to the peaceful time
Religious Background
North Western part of India, religions are in conflict
Both religions share common themes:
o Compare bhakti yoga is the same as praying to a god which is like the element in the monotheistic
religion of Islam
Also mystical tradition: Hinduism where atman getting together with Brahma
o Outside of our daily experience = MYSTICAL
o Cannot use your words to describe it
o It is temporary = TRANSCENDENTAL
o Through this experience itself, one feels like one becomes one with the universe
Spiritual master: in their transmission to a future generation
o Cannot learn it in a book
It is in these 3 that makes the religions able to mesh/merge
Sant tradition = very popular in the North (much like Sikh)
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